Lemonade sumac, Lemonadeberry
USDA Symbol: rhin2
USDA Native Status:
A wide-spreading, rounded, evergreen shrub to 8 ft. inland and 2 ft. on the ocean. Leaves are shiny, dark-green, leathery and aromatic. Small, pink flowers occur in dense, hairy clusters and are followed by reddish berries. Evergreen, aromatic, rounded, thicket-forming shrub; rarely a small tree with a short, stout trunk and many branches.
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Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Retention: Evergreen
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Elliptic
Leaf Margin: Denticulate , Entire
Leaf Texture: Leathery
Size Notes: Size to 10 feet, spreading.
Leaf: Shiny green above, pale below.
Fruit: 1/2 inch diameter.
Size Class: 3-6 ft. , 6-12 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Pink
Bloom Time: Feb , Mar , Apr , May
Native Distribution: S. CA to adjacent Mex.
Native Habitat: Ocean bluffs, canyons & dry places below 2500 ft.
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Dry soils.
Conditions Comments: This species is often used for erosion control. It is generally disease free and fairly fire proof if given a once/month watering during the summer. Sumac colonies are often single-sexed, formed from a single, suckering parent. Only female plants produce flowers and berries.
BenefitUse Ornamental: Can be sheared.
Use Wildlife: The fruit is consumed by roadrunners and many upland gamebirds, songbirds, large and small mammals.
Use Food: As the common name implies, a sour, refreshing drink can be made from the acid fruit.
Value to Beneficial InsectsSpecial Value to Native Bees
Provides Nesting Materials/Structure for Native Bees
This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.
PropagationDescription: Treated seed and root cuttings are used for increase.
Seed Treatment: Scarification in hot water is necessary. For maximum germination, soak in concentrated H2SO4 4-6 hours.
Commercially Avail: yes
Find Seed or Plants
Find seed sources for this species at the Native Seed Network.
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Santa Barbara Botanic Garden - Santa Barbara, CA
Native Seed Network - Corvallis, OR
BibliographyBibref 995 - Native Landscaping from El Paso to L.A. (2000) Wasowski, S. and A. Wasowski
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Recommended Species Lists
Find native plant species by state. Each list contains commercially available species suitable for gardens and planned landscapes. Once you have selected a collection, you can browse the collection or search within it using the combination search.View Recommended Species page
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Rhus integrifolia in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Rhus integrifolia in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Rhus integrifolia
MetadataRecord Modified: 2009-02-20
Research By: TWC Staff