Psychotria nervosa Sw.
Seminole balsamo, Wild coffee
Rubiaceae (Madder Family)
Synonym(s): Psychotria lanceolata, Psychotria nervosa var. lanceolata, Psychotria portoricensis, Psychotria undata
USDA Symbol: psne
Bright red berries contrast well with the dark green leaves of this evergreen shrub. Seminole balsamo or wild coffee usually grows to 15 ft. and generally has an attractive shape. Leaves are showy because of the wavy, textured look created by conspicuous veins. Inconspicuous flowers and the berries occur in upper leaf axils.
Wild Coffee is a member of the madder family (family Rubiaceae) which includes herbs, shrubs, or trees, with flowers borne in a branched cluster. There are about 500 genera and 6,000 species that occur primarily in tropical regions, where woody representatives are most frequent. Madder (a dye), coffee, and quinine are obtained from the family. Gardenias are popular ornamentals in mild climates.
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Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Description: Well-drained soil.
Conditions Comments: This versatile plant will grow in full sun but the plant will be more compact and leaves will show yellowing.
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Suppliers DirectoryAccording to the inventory provided by Associate Suppliers, this plant is available at the following locations:
Sanibel-Captiva Conservation Foundation Native Plant Nursery - Sanibel, FL
BibliographyBibref 841 - Native Alternatives to Invasive Plants (2006) Burrell, C. C.
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Research LiteratureReslit 956 - Posttransplant Growth of Container-grown Wild Coffee, Copperleaf, and Orange Jasmine Is Affected by Irrigation Frequency (2009) K. A. Moore, A. L. Shober, E. F. Gilman, C. Wiese,...
Reslit 2112 - Propagation of the Florida native shrub Psychotria nervosa (2008) G. Denny and N. West
Reslit 2323 - Spatial Genetic-Structure in a Population of Psychotria nervosa .1. Distribution of Genotypes (1988) S. E. Dewey and J. S. Heywood
This information was provided by the Florida WIldflower Foundation.
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Psychotria nervosa in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Psychotria nervosa in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Psychotria nervosa
MetadataRecord Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff