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Wasowski, Sally and Andy
Peltandra virginica (L.) Schott
Green arrow arum, Tuckahoe, Arrow arum, Green arrow-arum
USDA Symbol: pevi
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
Aquatic plant with large, long-stalked fleshy leaves and a green, wavy-margined, tapering, leaf-like spathe curled around a rod-like spadix. Green arrow-arum is a slow-spreading, 2-3 ft. aquatic perennial with large, oblong to broadly triangular, bright-green, basal leaves. The inflorescence is a yellow spadix surrounded by a greenish-white spathe occuring atop a statuesque stalk. Blackish berries follow.
This aquatic is especially common in and along shallow waterways, where it may occur in large colonies. The genus name derives from the Greek pelte (small shield) and aner (stamen), referring to the shield-like contour of stamens. The common name, arrow arum, of course, derives from the pronounced leaf shape, while the name, tuckahoe, is derived from the Algonquin name for the plant.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Leaf:
Green, Black Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Green
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun
AL , AR , CA , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IA , IL , IN , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OK , OR , PA , RI , SC , TN , TX , VA , VT , WI , WV Native Distribution:
S. ME to MI & IA, s. to FL & LA Native Habitat:
Pineland swamps; shallow waters USDA Native Status: L48(N), CAN(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: High
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Wet
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
Soil Description: Mud, Shallow water.
Conditions Comments: This water plant is not subject to wildlife depredation.
BenefitUse Ornamental: Water garden, bog, or pond area. Does not aggressively colonize in a water garden the way many aquatic plants do.
Use Wildlife: The berries of arrow arum attract wood ducks and king rails.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Interesting Foliage: yes
PropagationPropagation Material: Root Cuttings
Description: Not Available
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Not Available
Commercially Avail: yes
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Record Modified: 2009-01-29
Research By: TWC Staff