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Myrica gale L.
Synonyms: Myrica gale var. subglabra
USDA Symbol: myga
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
Sweetgale is a low-growing, 2-4 ft. high, deciduous, bushy shrub with glossy, dark-green to grayish foliage. The long leaves are sweet-scented. Inconspicuous flowers are borne in catkins.
Sweetgale is a member of the wax-myrtle or bayberry family (family Myricaceae), which occurs nearly worldwide, with about 40 species of small trees and shrubs; 5 native tree species and 3 shrub species in North America.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Leaf Complexity: Simple Leaf:
Gray-Green Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow , Green , Blue , Brown
Bloom Time: Jul , Aug , Sep
AK , CT , MA , ME , MI , MN , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OR , PA , RI , VT , WA , WI Canada: AB
, SK Native Distribution:
Lab. to AK, s. to Long Island, MI, MN & n.w. OR; rarely along mts. to NC & TN Native Habitat:
Bogs; pond shores USDA Native Status: L48(N), AK(N), CAN(N),
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist , Wet
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
Soil Description: Wet to moist soils.
Conditions Comments: Not Available
BenefitInteresting Foliage: yes
Fragrant Foliage: yes
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Record Modified: 2012-04-12
Research By: TWC Staff