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Vick, Albert F. W.
Morella pensylvanica (Mirbel) Kartesz, comb. nov. ined.
Northern bayberry, Candleberry
Synonyms: Myrica pensylvanica
USDA Symbol: mope6
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
A spreading, much-branched shrub, 3-12 ft. tall. Glossy, fragrant gray-green, egg-shaped leaves remain on the plant in the southern part of its range, or turn tan-colored and persist into winter farther north. Green catkins appear before leaves. Clusters of small, round, hard, white berries remain on the female plant all winter.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Leaf Complexity: Simple Leaf:
Bluish white Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct
CT , DC , DE , MA , MD , ME , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , PA , RI , VA , VT Canada: NB
, PE Native Distribution:
Along the coast from ME to VA; also along shores of Lake Erie Native Habitat:
Ledges, wood borders; thickets USDA Native Status: L48(N), CAN(N),
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Soil Description: Clay, Loam, Sand
Conditions Comments: Bayberry tolerates salt spray and a wide variety of wet to dry, hot to cold growing conditions. Be sure to obtain plants similar to climatic condition in your garden. Both male and female plants are necessary for berries. From NJ to LA, another coastal bayberry occurs, M. heterophylla. It is similar with smaller fruits.
BenefitUse Wildlife: Eaten by many winter birds.
Attracts: Birds , Butterflies
Larval Host: Columbia silkmoth
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)
is a larval host and/or nectar source for:
PropagationDescription: Sow seed outdoors in the fall or stratify. Semi-hardwood cuttings root moderately will with hormone treatment.
Seed Collection: Collect seeds in mid to late fall.
Commercially Avail: yes
Mr. Smarty Plants says
Shrubs for playground barrier hedge in Darien CT
December 07, 2009
I am working on my Eagle Scout project which is a barrier hedge in front of a playground at our town's baseball field to protect the kids from getting hit by balls. The fence would be 4 feet tall an...
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Record Modified: 2009-02-18
Research By: TWC Staff