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Magnolia fraseri (Mountain magnolia)
Bransford, W.D. and Dolphia

Magnolia fraseri

Magnolia fraseri Walter

Mountain magnolia, Fraser Magnolia

Magnoliaceae (Magnolia Family)


USDA Symbol: mafr

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

A tree often branched near the base, with an open crown of spreading branches, large leaves, and very large flowers.

Named for John Fraser (1750-1811), Scottish botanist, who introduced many North American plants to Europe. This species, of scattered distribution, is fairly common in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Planted as an ornamental for the large flowers and coarse foliage.


Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf: Green

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May


USA: AL , GA , KY , NC , NY , OH , SC , TN , VA , WV
Native Distribution: W. Virginia and West Virginia south to n. Georgia; at 800-5000 (244-1524 m).
Native Habitat: Moist soils of mountain valleys in hardwood forests.

Growing Conditions

Water Use: High
Light Requirement: Part Shade
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low


Conspicuous Flowers: yes

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:

Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE


Bibref 1620 - Gardening with Native Plants of the South (Reprint Edition) (2009) Wasowski, S. with A. Wasowski

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Additional resources

USDA: Find Magnolia fraseri in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Magnolia fraseri in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Magnolia fraseri


Record Last Modified: 2013-09-07
Research By: TWC Staff

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