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Malus angustifolia (Ait.) Michx.
Southern crabapple, Wild crabapple
Synonyms: Malus angustifolia var. angustifolia, Pyrus angustifolia
USDA Symbol: maan3
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
A small tree, 25-30 ft. tall, commonly forming thickets from root sprouts, spreading branches, and broad, open crown. Branches are usually spreading and form a rounded crown. Profuse pink flowers make a beautiful, fragrant show in early spring. Leaves are red when they emerge in early spring and are highlighted against colorful, scaly bark. Yellow-green fruit is not showy by ornamental standards.
This is the crab apple that grows at low altitudes in the Southeast, often forming thickets. Quantities of the fruit are consumed by bobwhites, grouse, pheasants, rabbits, squirrels, opossums, raccoons, skunks, and foxes. The hard, heavy wood has been used to make tool handles.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Tree Flower:
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Pink
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May
AL , AR , DC , DE , FL , GA , IL , KY , LA , MD , MO , MS , NC , NJ , OH , PA , SC , TN , TX , VA , WV Native Distribution:
FL to s.e. TX, n. to NJ, KY, s. IL & AR Native Habitat:
Moist woods & woodland borders; fence rows; old fields USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement:
Part Shade Soil Moisture:
Moist Soil Description:
Moist, well-drained soils. Conditions Comments: Native
crabapple are extremely susceptible to a myriad of maladies, especially in humid areas. They should be given ample space, good drainage and well-limed soil. This species may remain semi-evergreen
in mild winters.
Divide by removing suckers and root sprouts in late winter. Fall sowing seeds is easiest. Rootability of cuttings varies from tree
to tree. Some softwood or semi-hardwood cuttings may produce roots. Seed Collection:
Not Available Commercially Avail:
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
- Picayune, MS
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Record Modified: 2008-07-12
Research By: TWC Staff