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Bransford, W.D. and Dolphia
Iris fulva Ker Gawl.
Copper iris, Red iris
Synonym(s): Iris ecristata
USDA Symbol: irfu
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
Showy copper, red or orange, drooping petals and spreading sepals make up the terminal flower of this otherwise typical iris. Showy, reddish-brown flowers with 6 widely spreading, petal-like parts on a slender stalk taller than sword-like leaves. The flowering stem is up to 3 ft. high. Long, narrow leaves are bright green.
This beautiful southern iris of wet sloughs and swampy woods has distinctly flat-topped flowers compared to other irises. It can be cultivated in moist wildflower gardens.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Leaf Retention: Semi-evergreen Size Notes:
1-3 feet, rarely to 5 feet Leaf:
Flowers 2 to 3 inches
2 to 3 inches Size Class:
1-3 ft. , 3-6 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Red , Orange , Yellow
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May
Bloom Notes: Usually brick red to orange, occasionally yellow
, TX Native Distribution:
s. to MS
along coast to GA Native Habitat:
Freshwater marshes; stream banks; pine savannahs; cypress swamps; wet pastures
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium , High
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist , Wet
Soil pH: Alkaline (pH>7.2) , Acidic (pH<6.8) , Circumneutral (pH 6.8-7.2)
CaCO3 Tolerance: High
Drought Tolerance: Low
Heat Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: Saturated, rich soils. Normally grows in acid soils but can tolerate lime.
Conditions Comments: Leaves more likely to persist through winter if doesnt get too wet or too dry.
BenefitUse Ornamental: Popular in Southern gardens
Use Wildlife: Attracts hummingbirds and bees
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Nectar Source: yes
Root Division , Seeds Description:
Clump division is the usual method of increase. All native
iris can be grown from seed. Commercially Avail:
Will colonize by rhizomes, so thin out if spreads too far.
National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
From the National Suppliers Directory
According to the inventory provided by Associate Suppliers, this plant is available at the following locations:
- Hinton, WV
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
- Picayune, MSNPSOT - Austin Chapter
- Austin, TX
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Record Last Modified: 2013-09-09
Research By: TWC Staff