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Geum canadense (White avens)
Smith, R.W.

Geum canadense

Geum canadense Jacq.

White avens

Rosaceae (Rose Family)

Synonym(s):

USDA Symbol: geca7

USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)

White Avens is a member of the rose family (family Rosaceae) which includes herbs, shrubs, and trees with mostly prickly stems. Flowers: usually bisexual, radially symmetrical; sepals 5; petals 5 or sometimes none, separate; stamens usually numerous; sepals, petals, and stamens attached at edge of cup (which is attached at bottom of ovary), or attached at top of ovary.Leaves: alternate, simple or compound, usually with small leaf-like structures at the base of the leaf stalk. Fruit: dry or fleshy, opening at maturity or remaining closed.

White Avens complements any woodland garden as a groundcover or in a mass planting. The leaves resemble those of strawberries. Its evergreen winter foliage also makes it attractive as a potted plant. The seeds attach to dog fur or clothing.

There are about 100 genera and 3,000 species in the worldwide Rose family. Apples, pears, quinces, cherries, plums, peaches, apricots, loquats, blackberries, raspberries, and strawberries are important fruits. Roses, Cotoneaster, Firethorn, Mountain Ash, Spirea, and Hawthorns are common ornamentals.

 

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Leaf Retention: Semi-evergreen
Size Notes: 4 to 18 inches, but can reach 4 feet
Leaf: Green
Flower: Flowers half an inch
Fruit:
Size Class: 1-3 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun

Distribution

USA: AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , MT , NC , ND , NE , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA , RI , SC , SD , TN , TX , VA , VT , WI , WV , WY
Canada: NB , NS , PE , QC
Native Distribution: Nova Scotia to South Dakota to Georgia to eastern Texas
Native Habitat: Woodland edges and openings, thickets, open woodlands

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry , Moist
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Soil Description: Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay, Calcareous or Acidic, Poor or Rich, Dry or Moist, Loose or Compacted
Conditions Comments: Tolerates seasonal flooding.

Benefit

Use Ornamental: Ground cover, Can be mowed
Warning: Seeds cling to fur and clothing.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Interesting Foliage: yes
Attracts: Butterflies
Nectar Source: yes
Deer Resistant: No

Propagation

Propagation Material: Seeds
Seed Collection: Collect seed in June.
Seed Treatment: Start seeds in September and April.
Commercially Avail: yes
Maintenance: As plants are short-lived, allow to self-sow to maintain a continuous groundcover. In dry areas, water during summer to insure leaf retention. To keep the clingy seeds low to the ground, mow once a week during flowering and once a month thereafter, no lower than 4 inches.

Find Seed or Plants

View propagation protocol from Native Plants Network.

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National Wetland Indicator Status

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FAC FACU FAC FAC FAC FACU
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

From the National Suppliers Directory

According to the inventory provided by Associate Suppliers, this plant is available at the following locations:

Toadshade Wildflower Farm - Frenchtown, NJ

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:

Fredericksburg Nature Center - Fredericksburg, TX
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - Austin, TX
Pineywoods Native Plant Center - Nacogdoches, TX
NPSOT - Austin Chapter - Austin, TX
Jacob's Well Natural Area - Wimberley, TX

Wildflower Center Seed Bank

LBJWC-528 Collected 2007-07-12 in Travis County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
* Available Online from Wildflower Center Store

Bibliography

Bibref 318 - Native Texas Plants: Landscaping Region by Region (2002) Wasowski, S. & A. Wasowski
Bibref 281 - Shinners & Mahler's Illustrated Flora of North Central Texas (1999) Diggs, G. M.; B. L. Lipscomb; B. O'Kennon; W. F...
* The Midwestern Native Garden: Native Alternatives to Nonnative Flowers and Plants An Illustrated Guide (2011) Adelman, Charlotte and Schwartz, Bernard L.
Bibref 286 - Wildflowers of the Texas Hill Country (1989) Enquist, M.

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Additional resources

USDA: Find Geum canadense in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Geum canadense in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Geum canadense

Metadata

Record Last Modified: 2012-10-03
Research By: TWC Staff

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