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Vick, Albert F. W.
Gaylussacia baccata (Wangenh.) K. Koch
USDA Symbol: gaba
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
A much-branched, stiff, colony-forming shrub, 1-2 ft. tall, with white, tubular flowers in axillary panicles on the previous season growth. Purplish-black, edible berries follow. The small, oval leaves turn shades of orange and crimson in the fall. An upright-branching shrub with small leaves and blue-black berries.
The berries on this shrub make is a valuable plant for wildlife.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Leaf:
Green Autumn Foliage:
Black Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Pink
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul
AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , GA , IA , IL , IN , KY , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , PA , RI , SC , TN , VA , VT , WI , WV Canada: MB
, PE Native Distribution:
Nf. to Man., s. to GA & LA Native Habitat:
Dry or moist, open woods; thickets; clearings USDA Native Status: L48(N), CAN(N),
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry , Moist , Wet
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
Soil Description: Sandy or rocky, acid soils.
Conditions Comments: A good ground cover for thin, rocky woods.
BenefitUse Wildlife: Fruits and twigs are used by many forms of wildlife.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
PropagationDescription: Propagation by seed is possible.
Seed Collection: Fruits may be stripped from branches by hand or with a blueberry rake. Extract seeds by macerating the berries in water.
Seed Treatment: Untreated seeds are slow to germinate. Warm stratification for 30 days followed by incubation with cold temperature has enhanced germination.
Commercially Avail: yes
From the National Suppliers Directory
According to the inventory provided by Associate Suppliers, this plant is available at the following locations:
American Native Nursery
- Quakertown, PA
Recommended Species Lists
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Record Modified: 2009-02-18
Research By: TWC Staff