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Forestiera acuminata (Michx.) Poir.
Eastern swamp-privet, Eastern swampprivet
USDA Symbol: foac
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
Eastern swamp privet is often shrubby in the wild, but can be grown as a small tree, 25-35 ft. tall. Glossy-green, pointed-oval leaves are arranged in pairs on bright green, new twigs. Older branches are ivory-gray and the trunk has smooth, brownish bark, often covered with lichens and liverworts. Yellow flowers, most showy on male plants, occur in small, axillary clusters on the previous season growth before new leaves develop. The fruit, on female plants is a purple-black, olive-like drupe.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Leaf:
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May
AL , AR , FL , GA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MO , MS , OK , SC , TN , TX Native Distribution:
FL to e. TX, n. to SC, s. IN, s. IL, MO, s.e. KS & OK Native Habitat:
Lowland woods; swamp forests; rocky edges of streams & ponds USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use:
High Light Requirement:
Part Shade Soil Moisture:
Wet CaCO3 Tolerance:
Medium Soil Description:
Wet soils or standing water. Conditions Comments:
Males and females must be planted together to produce fruit
for wildlife. A purely ornamental planting can be established with males alone. Deer and rabbits can injure young plants by browsing.
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Record Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff