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Elymus hystrix L.
Eastern bottlebrush grass, Bottlebrush Grass
Poaceae (Grass Family)
USDA Symbol: elhy
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
Greenish-brown, bristly spikelets in several to many clusters along a terminal spike atop an erect smooth stem.
Together, the groups of spikelets resemble a bottlebrush, hence the common name. The species name, from the Greek hystrix (hedgehog), aptly describes the bristly spikelets. This grass is sometimes known as Hystrix patula.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Green
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug
, WV Canada: MB
, QC Native Distribution:
Manitoba east to Nova Scotia, south to Georgia, west to Oklahoma, and north to North Dakota. Native Habitat:
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry , Moist
Soil Description: Loam
BenefitUse Ornamental: A grass that does well in a woodland garden with other species that grow in filtered light
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Larval Host: Northern Pearly Eye, (Enodia anthedon)
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)
is a larval host and/or nectar source for:
National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Native Seed Network
- Corvallis, ORMt. Cuba Center
- Hockessin, DE
Record Last Modified: 2012-12-07
Research By: TWC Staff