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Clematis texensis Buckley
Scarlet clematis, Scarlet leatherflower, Texas clematis
Synonym(s): Clematis coccinea, Coriflora texensis
USDA Symbol: clte2
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
Scarlet leather-flower or scarlet clematis is an herbaceous to slightly woody vine, climbing no more than 9 ft. Bell-shaped flowers, blooming only on new growth, are held in axillary clusters of one to seven. The flower petals are actually thick, leather-like, scarlet-colored sepals. A feathery ball of plumed seeds follows the floral display. Stems are bare for the first two feet.
This is a very hardy and drought tolerant clematis. In ideal, sunny conditions, blooms may last until the first frost. Widely cultivated because of the red flowers but native only to the southeastern Edwards Plateau in Texas.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Vine Leaf Retention: Deciduous Leaf Arrangement: Opposite Leaf Complexity: Pinnate Size Notes:
6-9 feet. Leaf:
Terminal most leaflets often twisted and acting as tendrils. Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color:
Red Bloom Time:
Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul Bloom Notes:
Petals absent. Sepals
DistributionUSA: TX Native Distribution: Endemic
to Edwards Plateau, TX Native Habitat:
Texas endemic. Edwards Plateau. Well-drained limestone, loam, sand. Limestone cliffs; rocky slopes; streamsides
Growing ConditionsWater Use:
Low Light Requirement:
Part Shade Soil Moisture:
Moist Cold Tolerant:
Rocky, limestone soils. Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Limestone-based Conditions Comments:
With a delicate vine
form, rounded spade-shaped leaves and red, urn-shaped flowers, this plant provides a subtle, beautiful accent to a shady, moist area. It blooms best with half a day of sun, and blooms may continue until the first frost. This is a very hardy and drought tolerant clematis.
BenefitUse Ornamental: Twines on fences & other plants
Use Medicinal: Tea from dried, chopped stems reported as treatment for headache, especially migraine. Tincture formerly used as counter-irritant.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Interesting Foliage: yes
Nectar Source: yes
Deer Resistant: Moderate
PropagationPropagation Material: Softwood Cuttings
Description: Plant seed outdoors in the fall or store and stratify before planting. Single, internodal, softwood cuttings taken in summer can be rooted, although this species does not root readily. Clematis spp. are also propagated by late summer layerings.
Seed Collection: Gather seeds when they are no longer green but before the cluster of achenes completely dries and drops the seeds to the ground. Remain viable up to two years without refrigeration.
Seed Treatment: Moist stratify at 41 degrees for 60-90 days.
Commercially Avail: yes
Maintenance: After freezing weather cut stems back to ground as this clematis blooms on new wood.
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0655
Collected Jun 6, 1992 in Medina County by Harry CliffeNPSOT 0602
Collected May 13, 1992 in Medina County by Harry Cliffe
Wildflower Center Seed BankLBJWC-649
Collected 2008-07-21 in Travis County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
Record Last Modified: 2011-07-09
Research By: TWC Staff, GDB