Choisya dumosa (Torr.) A. Gray
Mexican orange, Starleaf Mexican orange, Zorrillo, Fragrant starleaf
Rutaceae (Rue Family)
USDA Symbol: chdu
Choisya dumosa is desirable because of its compact size, showy flowers, and persistent, aromatic foliage.
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Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Retention: Evergreen
Size Notes: Normally no more than 3 feet tall, but can reach 6 feet.
Leaf: Dark Green
Flower: Flower 1 inch
Size Class: 3-6 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov
DistributionUSA: AZ , NM , TX
Native Distribution: Mts. of w. TX to NM, s. to Chihuahua and Coahuila in Mex.
Native Habitat: Hillsides, Slopes, Canyons
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
CaCO3 Tolerance: High
Cold Tolerant: yes
Heat Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: Well-drained soils, Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Limestone-based, Igneous, Clay Loam.
BenefitUse Ornamental: Showy, aromatic, attractive form, foliage, and flowers. Can be used as a groundcover or a pot plant.
Use Wildlife: Cover, Nesting site, Nectar-insects
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Fragrant Flowers: yes
Interesting Foliage: yes
Fragrant Foliage: yes
Nectar Source: yes
Deer Resistant: Moderate
PropagationPropagation Material: Hardwood Cuttings , Seeds , Semi-hardwood Cuttings
Description: Seeds stratifies over winter or semi-hardwood cuttings taken from the tips of the stems. Hardwood cuttings taken in late fall or winter may also be used.
Seed Collection: Collect fruits in late summer or early fall. Do not allow seeds to dry out before sowing or storage. Stratify immediately after collection.
Seed Treatment: After collection, stratify in sphagnum moss in plastic bags at 40 degrees. Soak seeds for 10 minutes in hot water before storing or sowing to eliminate bacteria.
Commercially Avail: yes
Maintenance: If desired, prune after blooming to shape.
BibliographyBibref 355 - Landscaping with Native Plants of Texas and the Southwest (1991) Miller, G. O.
Bibref 995 - Native Landscaping from El Paso to L.A. (2000) Wasowski, S. and A. Wasowski
Bibref 318 - Native Texas Plants: Landscaping Region by Region (2002) Wasowski, S. & A. Wasowski
Bibref 291 - Texas Wildscapes: Gardening for Wildlife (1999) Damude, N. & K.C. Bender
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Recommended Species Lists
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Choisya dumosa in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Choisya dumosa in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Choisya dumosa
MetadataRecord Modified: 2009-02-27
Research By: TWC Staff