Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.
Search native plant database:
Strickland, Sam C.
Cenchrus spinifex Cav.
Coastal sandbur, Field Sandspur, Southern sandbur, Spiny burrgrass
Poaceae (Grass Family)
Synonym(s): Cenchrus incertus, Cenchrus parviceps, Cenchrus pauciflorus
USDA Symbol: cesp4
Culms: 8-80 cm long.
Spines: 8-40 per bur.
Bloom InformationBloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov
Bloom Notes: Burs purplish
, VA Native Distribution:
Texas: Throughout but most abundant in north-central and southeast Texas and Rio Grande Plains.
U.S.A.: Coastal States, Virginia to Texas and inland to Arkansas and Oklahoma, New Mexico, Arizona, California.
International: Nearly throughtout Mexico, Central America, and West Indies; also warm-temperate and subtropical parts of South America; Philipines; South Africa. Native Habitat:
Sandy or tighter soils, especially in disturbed areas.
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry , Moist
Soil Description: Best adapted to dry sandy and sandy loam soil.
Conditions Comments: Common on disturbed sites.
BenefitUse Wildlife: The song bird, Pyrrhuloxia, eat the seeds.
Warning: Very painful to walk on in bare feet. Burs stick to clothing.
Larval Host: The Grass Family is an essential larval food for most branded skippers and most of the satyrs.
Deer Resistant: High
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds
Seed Treatment: No special pre-treatment.
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0332
Collected May 22, 1987 in Bexar County by Harry Cliffe
Wildflower Center Seed BankLBJWC-RLU-3
Collected 2009-09-05 in Burnet County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
Record Last Modified: 2008-12-03
Research By: TWC Staff