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Strickland, Sam C.
Cenchrus spinifex Cav.
Coastal sandbur, Field Sandspur, Southern sandbur, Spiny burrgrass
Synonyms: Cenchrus incertus M.A. Curtis
Cenchrus parviceps Shinners
Cenchrus pauciflorus Benth.
USDA Symbol: cesp4
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
Culms: 8-80 cm long.
Spines: 8-40 per bur.
Bloom InformationBloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov
Bloom Notes: Burs purplish
AL , AR , AZ , CA , DC , FL , GA , KS , KY , LA , MD , MS , NC , NM , NV , OK , SC , TN , TX , VA Native Distribution:
Texas: Throughout but most abundant in north-central and southeast Texas and Rio Grande Plains.
U.S.A.: Coastal States, Virginia to Texas and inland to Arkansas and Oklahoma, New Mexico, Arizona, California.
International: Nearly throughtout Mexico, Central America, and West Indies; also warm-temperate and subtropical parts of South America; Philipines; South Africa. Native Habitat:
Sandy or tighter soils, especially in disturbed areas. USDA Native Status: L48(N), PR(N), VI(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry , Moist
Soil Description: Best adapted to dry sandy and sandy loam soil.
Conditions Comments: Common on disturbed sites.
BenefitUse Wildlife: The song bird, Pyrrhuloxia, eat the seeds.
Warning: Very painful to walk on in bare feet. Burs stick to clothing.
Larval Host: The Grass Family is an essential larval food for most branded skippers and most of the satyrs.
Deer Resistant: High
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds
Seed Treatment: No special pre-treatment.
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0332
Collected May 22, 1987 in Bexar County by Harry Cliffe
Wildflower Center Seed BankLBJWC-RLU-3
Collected 2009-09-05 in Burnet County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
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Record Modified: 2008-12-03
Research By: TWC Staff