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Bransford, W.D. and Dolphia
Castilleja integra Gray
Wholeleaf Indian paintbrush, Squawfeather
USDA Symbol: cain14
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
This perennial paintbrush, 6-16 in. tall, bears several leafy stems from a woody root. The stems are topped by crimson, floral spikes. The flowers themselves are greenish, tinged scarlet, and are mostly hidden by the showy crimson, or sometimes yellowish, bracts. Narrow, unlobed, undivided leaves line the stems.
The roots of this plant will grow until they touch the roots of other plants, frequently grasses, penetrating these host roots to obtain a portion of their nutrients. Transplanting paintbrush may kill it.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Flower:
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Red
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep
AZ , CO , NM , TX Native Distribution:
W. TX to AZ & n. Mex., n. to CO Native Habitat:
Arid hills, plains & mesas USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Sun
Soil Description: Gravelly soils.
Conditions Comments: The roots of this plant will grow until they touch the roots of other plants, frequently grasses, penetrating these host roots to obtain a portion of their nutrients. Transplanting paintbrush may kill it.
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)
is a larval host and/or nectar source for:
PropagationDescription: Not Available
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Not Available
Commercially Avail: yes
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Native Seed Network
- Corvallis, OR
Recommended Species Lists
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Record Modified: 2009-01-13
Research By: TWC Staff