Bromus carinatus Hook. & Arn.
Poaceae (Grass Family)
Synonym(s): Bromus carinatus var. californicus, Bromus carinatus var. carinatus, Bromus carinatus var. hookerianus, Bromus laciniatus, Ceratochloa carinata
USDA Symbol: brca5
California brome is a variable species, differing in, among other things, duration. Considered annuals, biennials & perennials, all appear actually to be short-lived perennials that sometimes flower the first season. The culms are 2-3 ft. tall with a narrow panicle. The branches of the seed head are usually erect, but may be drooping.
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Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Annual
Size Class: 1-3 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul
DistributionUSA: CA , OR , WA
Native Distribution: B.C. through cismontane CA, e. to ID & NM; infrequent in the Great Plains
Native Habitat: A variety of open or shaded, dry sites
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Part Shade
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Soil Description: Various dry soils.
Conditions Comments: Has been known to persist for several seasons, so can be treated somewhat like a perennial.
BenefitUse Food: Seed harvested by indigenous Californians.
Use Other: Culms used in basketry by indigenous Californians.
PropagationDescription: Not Available
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Not Available
Commercially Avail: yes
Find Seed or Plants
Find seed sources for this species at the Native Seed Network.
View propagation protocol from Native Plants Network.
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Native Seed Network - Corvallis, OR
BibliographyBibref 1218 - Tending the Wild: Native American Knowledge and the Management of California's Natural Resources (2006) Anderson, M. Kat
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Bromus carinatus in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Bromus carinatus in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Bromus carinatus
MetadataRecord Modified: 2008-10-19
Research By: TWC Staff