Zizania aquatica L.
Annual wildrice, Wild Rice
Poaceae (Grass Family)
USDA Symbol: ZIAQ
American Indians harvest the rice in Minnesota. It is also grown commercially there and in California.
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Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Annual
Fruit Type: Achene , Caryopsis
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Green
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug
DistributionUSA: AL , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IA , IL , IN , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , PA , RI , SC , TX , VA , VT , WI
Canada: MB , NB , ON , QC
Native Distribution: Nova Scotia east to Manitoba, southwest to Minnesota, south to Nebraska and Texas.
Native Habitat: Marshes, ponds, lakes, borders of sluggish rivers.
Growing ConditionsWater Use: High
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Wet
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
Soil Description: Clay, Loam, Sand
BenefitWarning: This plant contains a toxic alkaloid, present in the bulb and foliage, causes vomiting, breathing difficulties, and coma in humans. Livestock can be poisoned by grazing on this plant or by feeding on hay containing any part of it. Sensitivity to a toxin v
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)
Broad-winged Skipper |
Learn more at BAMONA
Adult Food Source
Find Seed or Plants
Find seed sources for this species at the Native Seed Network.
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Native Seed Network - Corvallis, OR
BibliographyBibref 1186 - Field Guide to Moths of Eastern North America (2005) Covell, C.V., Jr.
Bibref 1185 - Field Guide to Western Butterflies (Peterson Field Guides) (1999) Opler, P.A. and A.B. Wright
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Zizania aquatica in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Zizania aquatica in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Zizania aquatica
MetadataRecord Modified: 2010-11-13
Research By: TWC Staff