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Wasowski, Sally and Andy
Zizia aptera (A. Gray) Fernald
Meadow zizia, Heartleaf Alexanders, Meadow parsnip, Zizia
Synonym(s): Zizia aptera var. occidentalis, Zizia cordata
USDA Symbol: ZIAP
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
A short-lived, branching perennial with reddish stems, heart-shaped basal leaves and ternately divided stem leaves. Tiny, yellow flowers in clusters, gather into large, flat-topped flower heads. The 1-3 ft. tall plants may occur singly or in clumps.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Flower:
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: May , Jun
, WY Canada: AB
, SK Native Distribution: NY
to OH, WI,
Man. & e. B.C., s. to GA, AR,
& n.w. OR Native Habitat:
Moist prairies; open woods
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil Description: Moist, sandy or sandy-clay soils.
Conditions Comments: Tolerant of alkaline soils.
PropagationDescription: Plant stratified seed in fall. Germination is often low and is best in cool soil. Mature plants can be divided in spring or fall.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Plant stratified seed in fall. Seeds germinate best in cool soil.
Commercially Avail: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
From the National Suppliers Directory
According to the inventory provided by Associate Suppliers, this plant is available at the following locations:
- Springwater, NYEnchanter's Garden
- Hinton, WV
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Native Seed Network
- Corvallis, OR
Record Last Modified: 2009-02-19
Research By: TWC Staff