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Wasowski, Sally and Andy
Viola missouriensis Greene
Synonyms: Viola sororia var. missouriensis
USDA Symbol: VIMI3
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
Violets are a sign that spring has arrived, and this is often one of the most common violets found within its range. It prefers well-drained woodland soil, where it can colonize via rhizomes to send up numerous glowing purple blossoms in early spring.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Annual
, Perennial Habit: Herb Leaf Retention: Semi-evergreen Leaf Complexity: Simple Size Notes:
Up to 6 inches high Leaf:
Flowers up to 1 inch across
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Purple
Bloom Time: Feb , Mar , Apr
Bloom Notes: Color usually purple or lavender, but can also be white. In Texas, typically blooms for 3 weeks in early spring.
AR , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MI , MN , MO , NE , NM , OH , OK , TN , TX , WI Native Distribution:
MN to GA to NM. Native Habitat:
Woodlands and riverine forests USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Drought Tolerance: Low
Soil Description: Well-drained sand, loam, clay, or limestone
Conditions Comments: Will go dormant during droughts.
BenefitUse Ornamental: Good for the moist but well-drained woodland shade garden
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Interesting Foliage: yes
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0733
Collected Mar 8, 1993 in Bexar County by Harry Cliffe
Wildflower Center Seed BankLBJWC-1017
Collected 2011-07-02 in Hays County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
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Record Modified: 2009-03-19
Research By: DEW