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Marcus, Joseph A.
Verbesina encelioides (Cav.) Benth. & Hook. f. ex Gray
Cowpen Daisy, Golden crownbeard, Butter daisy
USDA Symbol: VEEN
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
A well-branched grayish-green plant with mostly opposite, toothed, nearly triangular leaves and yellow flower heads. The flower heads are up to 2 inches (5 cm) across and have 3-toothed rays. The silvery green leaves are triangular with toothed margins.
This plant is common on disturbed ground and sometimes colors acres or miles of roadside solid yellow.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Annual Habit: Herb Size Notes:
Green Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct
AL , AR , AZ , CA , CO , FL , GA , HI , IA , IL , KS , LA , MA , MD , MI , MO , MT , NC , ND , NE , NM , NV , NY , OK , PA , RI , SC , SD , TN , TX , UT , WY Native Distribution:
C. California to Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas; north through e. Utah and Colorado to Montana; east to Kansas and se. United States; south into tropical America. Native Habitat:
Found in disturbed areas throughout Texas, especially the drier parts. Sand, loam, clay, limestone. USDA Native Status: L48(N), HI(I), PR(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use:
Low Light Requirement:
Sun Soil Moisture:
Dry CaCO3 Tolerance:
Medium Conditions Comments:
Cowpen daisy earned its name from a descriptive example of the type of disturbed soil on which it thrives. The yellow flower is a good nectar
source especially for late season butterflies.
BenefitUse Medicinal: This plant was used by Indians and early settlers to treat skin ailments.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Nectar Source: yes
Deer Resistant: High
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds
Seed Collection: Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds.
Commercially Avail: yes
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Mr. Smarty Plants says
Medicinal plants at the Wildflower Center
April 19, 2006
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Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0075
Collected Oct. 19, 1990 in Bexar County by Mollie WaltonNPSOT 0642
Collected May 30, 1992 in Bexar County by Harry CliffeNPSOT 1057
Collected Aug 10, 1995 in Comal County by Mary Beth White
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Record Modified: 2012-07-13
Research By: TWC Staff