Verbesina encelioides (Cav.) Benth. & Hook. f. ex A. Gray
Cowpen Daisy, Golden crownbeard, Butter daisy
Asteraceae (Aster Family)
USDA Symbol: VEEN
A well-branched grayish-green plant with mostly opposite, toothed, nearly triangular leaves and yellow flower heads. The flower heads are up to 2 inches (5 cm) across and have 3-toothed rays. The silvery green leaves are triangular with toothed margins.
This plant is common on disturbed ground and sometimes colors acres or miles of roadside solid yellow.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Annual
Size Notes: 1-3
Size Class: 1-3 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , AZ , CA , CO , FL , GA , HI , IA , IL , KS , LA , MA , MD , MI , MO , MT , NC , ND , NE , NM , NV , NY , OK , PA , RI , SC , SD , TN , TX , UT , WY
Native Distribution: C. California to Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas; north through e. Utah and Colorado to Montana; east to Kansas and se. United States; south into tropical America.
Native Habitat: Found in disturbed areas throughout Texas, especially the drier parts. Sand, loam, clay, limestone.
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Conditions Comments: Cowpen daisy earned its name from a descriptive example of the type of disturbed soil on which it thrives. The yellow flower is a good nectar source especially for late season butterflies.
BenefitUse Medicinal: This plant was used by Indians and early settlers to treat skin ailments.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Nectar Source: yes
Deer Resistant: High
Value to Beneficial InsectsSpecial Value to Native Bees
Special Value to Honey Bees
This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds
Seed Collection: Allow seedheads to dry on plants; remove and collect seeds.
Commercially Avail: yes
Find Seed or Plants
Order seed of this species from Native American Seed and help support the Wildflower Center.
Find seed sources for this species at the Native Seed Network.
Mr. Smarty Plants says
Medicinal plants at the Wildflower Center
April 19, 2006
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National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Fredericksburg Nature Center - Fredericksburg, TX
Sibley Nature Center - Midland, TX
Brackenridge Field Laboratory - Austin, TX
National Butterfly Center - Mission, TX
Native Seed Network - Corvallis, OR
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0075 Collected Oct. 19, 1990 in Bexar County by Mollie Walton
NPSOT 1057 Collected Aug 10, 1995 in Comal County by Mary Beth White
NPSOT 0642 Collected May 30, 1992 in Bexar County by Harry Cliffe
BibliographyBibref 946 - Gardening with Prairie Plants: How to Create Beautiful Native Landscapes (2002) Wasowski, Sally
Bibref 355 - Landscaping with Native Plants of Texas and the Southwest (1991) Miller, G. O.
Bibref 248 - Texas Wildflowers: A Field Guide (1984) Loughmiller, C. & L. Loughmiller
Bibref 328 - Wildflowers of Texas (2003) Ajilvsgi, Geyata.
Bibref 286 - Wildflowers of the Texas Hill Country (1989) Enquist, M.
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Verbesina encelioides in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Verbesina encelioides in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Verbesina encelioides
MetadataRecord Modified: 2012-07-13
Research By: TWC Staff