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Cook, Kathleen Graves
Teucrium canadense L.
Canada germander, American germander, Canadian germander, Germander, Hairy germander, Wood sage
USDA Symbol: TECA3
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
A rhizomatous perennial with a terminal, spike-like cluster of lavender-pink flowers on a downy square stem.
The most distinctive feature of Teucrium species is the seemingly 1-lipped corolla. The common name germander was originally altered from a Greek name for ground oak, chamaidrys. Two smaller, bushier species have been introduced from Europe into eastern North America: Woodland Germander (T. scorodonia), with yellow flowers, and Cutleaf Germander (T. botrys), an annual with purplish flowers.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Leaf Retention: Deciduous Leaf:
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Pink
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug
, WY Canada: NB
, PE Native Distribution:
Saskatchewan east to Newfoundland, south to Florida, west to Texas, and north to North Dakota; also in all western states and British Columbia. Native Habitat:
Prairie, Plains, Meadows, Pastures, Savannahs
Growing ConditionsWater Use:
High Light Requirement:
Part Shade Soil Moisture:
Moist CaCO3 Tolerance:
Medium Soil Description:
Sandy Sandy Loam Clay Loam Clay, Medium Loam Caliche type, Limestone-based
Gypseous Conditions Comments:
The dense flower
spikes can be quite a show, especially when a good sized clump is planted. Plants spread on their own over time by rhizomes and may become aggressive if not kept in check periodically. Prefers moist or shallow, submerged soils. Nice cut flower.
garden, Forms a carpet, Ground cover, Border Conspicuous Flowers:
Butterflies Nectar Source:
National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0165
Collected May 28, 1991 in Bexar County by Lottie MillsapsNPSOT 0406
Collected Jun 13, 1993 in Comal County by Mary Beth WhiteNPSOT 0537
Collected Aug 3, 1987 in Bexar County by Harry Cliffe
Record Last Modified: 2012-10-03
Research By: LAL, JMS