Solidago caesia L.
Wreath goldenrod, Blue-stemmed goldenrod, Bluestem goldenrod
Asteraceae (Aster Family)
Synonym(s): Solidago axillaris, Solidago caesia var. axillaris, Solidago caesia var. caesia
USDA Symbol: SOCA4
The slender, purplish, branched or unbranched stems of this shade-tolerant goldenrod rise 1-3 ft.Smooth purplish, frequently arching stem covered with whitish bloom and bearing scattered clusters of yellow flower heads in the leaf axils, with a large terminal cluster. Small, graceful, arching sprays of tiny, yellow flowers top the perennial.
Other goldenrods with scattered flower clusters include the Wand-like Goldenrod (S. stricta), found in sandy sites from New Jersey southward, with a wand-like flowerstalk and narrow scale-like leaves pressed against the stem. Zigzag Goldenrod (S. flexicaulis) has a zigzag stem and broad ovate leaves. Downy Goldenrod (S. puberula), found in dry sites along the East Coast, has a very leafy stem covered with fine, spreading hairs.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf: Dark Green
Size Class: 1-3 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Aug , Sep , Oct
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , CT , DE , FL , GA , IL , IN , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MO , MS , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA , RI , SC , TN , TX , VA , VT , WI , WV
Canada: NB , NS , NT , ON , QC
Native Distribution: GA to TX, n. to N.S., c. ME, s. Ont. & WI
Native Habitat: Rich, deciduous or open woods; wood borders; clearings
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Soil Description: Various soils.
Conditions Comments: This is a relatively small goldenrod and is not aggressive.
BenefitUse Wildlife: Blue-stemmed goldenrod attracts butterflies.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Value to Beneficial InsectsSpecial Value to Native Bees
Special Value to Honey Bees
Supports Conservation Biological Control
This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.
PropagationDescription: May be grown from seed.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Not Available
Commercially Avail: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Suppliers DirectoryAccording to the inventory provided by Associate Suppliers, this plant is available at the following locations:
Edge of the Woods Native Plant Nursery - Orefield, PA
Amandas Garden - Springwater, NY
Sunshine Farm & Gardens - Renick, WV
American Native Nursery - Quakertown, PA
Toadshade Wildflower Farm - Frenchtown, NJ
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Delaware Nature Society - Hockessin, DE
Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE
BibliographyBibref 1620 - Gardening with Native Plants of the South (Reprint Edition) (2009) Wasowski, S. with A. Wasowski
* The Midwestern Native Garden: Native Alternatives to Nonnative Flowers and Plants An Illustrated Guide (2011) Adelman, Charlotte and Schwartz, Bernard L.
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Solidago caesia in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Solidago caesia in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Solidago caesia
MetadataRecord Modified: 2015-03-23
Research By: TWC Staff