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Bransford, W.D. and Dolphia
Solidago caesia L.
Wreath goldenrod, Blue-stemmed goldenrod, Bluestem goldenrod
Synonym(s): Solidago axillaris, Solidago caesia var. axillaris, Solidago caesia var. caesia
USDA Symbol: SOCA4
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
The slender, purplish, branched or unbranched stems of this shade-tolerant goldenrod rise 1-3 ft.Smooth purplish, frequently arching stem covered with whitish bloom and bearing scattered clusters of yellow flower heads in the leaf axils, with a large terminal cluster. Small, graceful, arching sprays of tiny, yellow flowers top the perennial.
Other goldenrods with scattered flower clusters include the Wand-like Goldenrod (S. stricta), found in sandy sites from New Jersey southward, with a wand-like flowerstalk and narrow scale-like leaves pressed against the stem. Zigzag Goldenrod (S. flexicaulis) has a zigzag stem and broad ovate leaves. Downy Goldenrod (S. puberula), found in dry sites along the East Coast, has a very leafy stem covered with fine, spreading hairs.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Leaf:
Dark Green Flower:
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Aug , Sep , Oct
, WV Canada: NB
, QC Native Distribution: GA
n. to N.S., c. ME,
s. Ont. & WI Native Habitat:
or open woods; wood borders; clearings
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Soil Description: Various soils.
Conditions Comments: This is a relatively small goldenrod and is not aggressive.
BenefitUse Wildlife: Blue-stemmed goldenrod attracts butterflies.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
PropagationDescription: May be grown from seed.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Not Available
Commercially Avail: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Delaware Nature Society
- Hockessin, DEMt. Cuba Center
- Hockessin, DE
Record Last Modified: 2013-09-09
Research By: TWC Staff