Senna hebecarpa (Fernald) Irwin & Barneby
American senna, Wild Senna
Fabaceae (Pea Family)
Synonym(s): Cassia hebecarpa, Cassia hebecarpa var. longipila, Senna hebecarpa var. longipila
USDA Symbol: SEHE3
The flowers of this large plant are not typically pea-like. Two other species, Sicklepod (S. obtusifolia) and Coffee Senna (S. occidentalis), are also found in the East. Southern Wild Senna (S. marilandica) is a more southern species with fewer flowers and bigger leaflets.
From the Image Gallery
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Jul , Aug
DistributionUSA: CT , DC , DE , GA , IL , IN , KY , MA , MD , ME , MI , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , PA , RI , SC , TN , VA , VT , WI , WV
Native Distribution: Ontario; Maine south to Georgia and northwest to Tennessee and Wisconsin.
Native Habitat: Moist open woods and disturbed areas.
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil pH: Circumneutral (pH 6.8-7.2)
Soil Description: Moist to average soil, sand to heavier loam.
Conditions Comments: Easy to care for.
BenefitWarning: Plants of this genus (and herbal remedies derived from them) can cause poisoning and fatal illness in humans. Sensitivity to a toxin varies with a personís age, weight, physical condition, and individual susceptibility. Children are most vulnerable becaus
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Attracts: Butterflies , Hummingbirds
Larval Host: Cloudless sulphurs
Value to Beneficial InsectsSpecial Value to Bumble Bees
This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)Senna hebecarpa is a larval host and/or nectar source for:
Cloudless Sulphur |
Learn more at BAMONA
PropagationPropagation Material: Clump Division , Seeds
Description: Easy to start from seed or divide plant in early spring or fall.
Seed Collection: Seed matures in early fall.
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Suppliers DirectoryAccording to the inventory provided by Associate Suppliers, this plant is available at the following locations:
Enchanter's Garden - Hinton, WV
Prairie Nursery - Westfield, WI
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE
BibliographyBibref 928 - 100 easy-to-grow native plants for Canadian gardens (2005) Johnson, L.; A. Leyerle
Bibref 1186 - Field Guide to Moths of Eastern North America (2005) Covell, C.V., Jr.
Bibref 1185 - Field Guide to Western Butterflies (Peterson Field Guides) (1999) Opler, P.A. and A.B. Wright
* The Midwestern Native Garden: Native Alternatives to Nonnative Flowers and Plants An Illustrated Guide (2011) Adelman, Charlotte and Schwartz, Bernard L.
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Senna hebecarpa in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Senna hebecarpa in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Senna hebecarpa
MetadataRecord Modified: 2012-12-07
Research By: TWC Staff