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Senna hebecarpa (Fernald) Irwin & Barneby
American senna, Wild Senna
Synonym(s): Cassia hebecarpa, Cassia hebecarpa var. longipila, Senna hebecarpa var. longipila
USDA Symbol: SEHE3
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
Clusters of light yellow to orange flowers atop a sparsely branched perennial or in axils of compound leaves.
The flowers of this large plant are not typically pea-like. Two other species, Sicklepod (S. obtusifolia) and Coffee Senna (S. occidentalis), are also found in the East. Southern Wild Senna (S. marilandica) is a more southern species with fewer flowers and bigger leaflets.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Jul , Aug
, WV Canada: ON Native Distribution:
Ontario; Maine south to Georgia and northwest to Tennessee and Wisconsin. Native Habitat:
Moist open woods and disturbed areas.
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil pH: Circumneutral (pH 6.8-7.2)
Soil Description: Moist to average soil, sand to heavier loam.
Conditions Comments: Easy to care for.
Plants of this genus
(and herbal remedies derived from them) can cause poisoning and fatal illness in humans. Sensitivity to a toxin varies with a personís age, weight, physical condition, and individual susceptibility. Children are most vulnerable becaus Conspicuous Flowers:
Butterflies , Hummingbirds Larval Host:
PropagationPropagation Material: Clump Division , Seeds
Description: Easy to start from seed or divide plant in early spring or fall.
Seed Collection: Seed matures in early fall.
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)
is a larval host and/or nectar source for:
National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
From the National Suppliers Directory
According to the inventory provided by Associate Suppliers, this plant is available at the following locations:
- Hinton, WVPrairie Nursery
- Westfield, WI
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Mt. Cuba Center
- Hockessin, DE
Record Last Modified: 2012-12-07
Research By: TWC Staff