Sanguisorba canadensis L.
Canadian burnet, American burnet
Rosaceae (Rose Family)
Synonym(s): Sanguisorba canadensis ssp. latifolia, Sanguisorba canadensis var. latifolia, Sanguisorba sitchensis, Sanguisorba stipulata
USDA Symbol: SACA14
This plant bears dense, erect, cylindrical masses (spikes) of small, white flowers.
The conspicuous stamens give the finger-like flower clusters a fuzzy appearance. The flowers of the European species, European Great Burnet (S. officinalis), are red-brown; this accounts for the common name, from an old French word for brown. It and Garden Burnet (S. minor), with greenish flowers, were both introduced from Europe and naturalized in the East. The generic name is from the Latin sanguis (blood) and sorbere ( to drink up) and refers to the juice of the plant, which was reputed to stop bleeding.
From the Image Gallery
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct
DistributionUSA: AK , CT , DC , DE , GA , ID , IL , IN , KY , MA , MD , ME , MI , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OR , PA , RI , TN , VA , VT , WA , WV
Canada: MB , NB , NL , NS
Native Distribution: Labrador south to Newfoundland, New England, New Jersey, Delaware, and in mountains to Georgia; northwest to Indiana, Illinois, and Michigan.
Native Habitat: Swamps, bogs.
Growing ConditionsSoil Moisture: Wet
BenefitWarning: All species of elders that grow in North America are potentially poisonous if plant parts are ingested. Sensitivity to a toxin varies with a personís age, weight, physical condition, and individual susceptibility. Children are most vulnerable because of t
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Suppliers DirectoryAccording to the inventory provided by Associate Suppliers, this plant is available at the following locations:
Edge of the Woods Native Plant Nursery - Orefield, PA
Enchanter's Garden - Hinton, WV
ArcheWild Native Nurseries - Quakertown, PA
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Longwood Gardens - Newark, DE
Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE
BibliographyBibref 946 - Gardening with Prairie Plants: How to Create Beautiful Native Landscapes (2002) Wasowski, Sally
Bibref 1294 - The Midwestern Native Garden: Native Alternatives to Nonnative Flowers and Plants An Illustrated Guide (2011) Adelman, Charlotte and Schwartz, Bernard L.
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Sanguisorba canadensis in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Sanguisorba canadensis in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Sanguisorba canadensis
MetadataRecord Modified: 2014-09-18
Research By: TWC Staff