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Bransford, W.D. and Dolphia
Rosa palustris Marshall
Synonym(s): Rosa floridana, Rosa lancifolia, Rosa palustris var. dasistema
USDA Symbol: ROPA
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
An upright shrub, 6-8 ft. tall, with numerous, bushy-branched, thorny stems; dark-green, pinnately compound foliage and showy, but short-lived, dark rose-pink flowers. A pink-flowered shrub with stout, hooked prickles.
The Swamp Rose is a member of the family Rosaceae which includes about 2,000 species of trees, shrubs, and herbs worldwide, including service-berries (Amelanchier), hawthorns (Crataegus), apples (Malus), plums and cherries (Prunus), and mountain-ashes (Sorbus), in addition to the many wild and cultivated types of roses.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Leaf:
Red, Orange Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Pink
Bloom Time: May , Jun
, WV Canada: NB
, QC Native Distribution:
N.S. to MN,
s. to FL
& TN Native Habitat:
Swamps; wet thickets; marshy shores of streams, ponds & lakes
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist , Wet
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
Soil Description: Wet, rich soils.
Conditions Comments: Susceptible to fungal problems.
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes
Fragrant Flowers: yes
Propagated by stem
cuttings or division of rootstock. Softwood cuttings should be taken with a heel and treated with hormone. Rose seeds should be taken from the hips as soon as ripe and planted in the open or stratified before planting. Seed Collection:
Hips can be collected as soon as they are ripe. Achenes can then be extracted by macerating the hips in water and recovering the seeds by flotation. Seed Treatment:
Cold-moist stratification is required to break the dormancy of most rose species. Commercially Avail:
Mr. Smarty Plants says
Prickly vine for fire escape in Boston
February 23, 2010
I live in Boston area and would like to plant a prickly vine that will grow on my fire escape. What do you recommend?
view the full question and answer
National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
Record Last Modified: 2013-09-08
Research By: TWC Staff