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Marcus, Joseph A.
Rivina humilis L.
Pigeonberry, Rouge plant, Baby peppers
USDA Symbol: RIHU2
Pigeonberry is a perennial herb about 1 foot tall that grows beneath trees and shrubs. The flowers are about 1/4 inch across, white to pink, growing on the last 2–3 inches of the stems. The fruits are numerous, red and almost translucent, often appearing on the lower part of the stem while the upper part is still blooming. They are a choice food for many kinds of birds. The leaves are 1–3 inches long and wavy on the edges (248).
Pigeonberry appeals to the eye when it blooms pale pink and bears scarlet fruit simultaneously.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Leaf Retention: Deciduous Size Notes:
Normally no more than 1.5 feet tall, but can exceed 3 feet. Flower:
Flowers 2 inch flower
Red to orange 2-3.5 mm Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Pink
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct
, TX Native Distribution:
Southern North America from Florida to Arizona, north to Oklahoma and Arkansas, south through Central America and the Caribbean to tropical South America Native Habitat: In
moist or alluvial soils in partial shade. Also in hilly chaparral.
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil Description: Moist and well-drained sand, sandy loam, loam, clay, and calcareous soils.
Conditions Comments: Prefers light shade and moist but well drained soil. Without supplemental water in summer, it may go dormant.
layer plant, decorative fruit
and flowers Use Wildlife:
Fruit-birds Use Other:
The red fruits have been used for cosmetics, hence the name Rouge Plant. Warning:
Caution: the fruit
and leaves are toxic if ingested. Conspicuous Flowers:
Birds Deer Resistant:
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds
Description: Seed and cuttings.
Seed Collection: Collect berries when plump and red. Allow to dry spread out.
Seed Treatment: Seeds germinate well and grow slowly.
Commercially Avail: yes
Maintenance: Water during summer drought.
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Mr. Smarty Plants says
Native grasses for East Texas that require no mowing or watering
June 16, 2010
What native grass can I grow in deep East Texas that would require no supplemental watering and no mowing?
view the full question and answer
National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0071
Collected Sept. 12, 1990 in Bexar County by Lottie MillsapsNPSOT 0118
Collected June 7, 1991 in Bexar County by Lottie Millsaps
Wildflower Center Seed BankLBJWC-MM-756
Collected 2010-07-25 in Hays County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
Record Last Modified: 2009-03-15
Research By: TWC Staff