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Rhus virens var. choriophylla (Woot. & Standl.) L. Benson
Mearn sumac, Evergreen sumac
Synonyms: Rhus choriophylla
USDA Symbol: RHVIC
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
Evergreen sumac low shrub, growing to about 9 ft. in height. The few branches are maroon-brown and velvety. They bear pale-green, pinnate, evergreen leaves. Creamy-white flowers occur in small, terminal and axillary clusters. They are followed by a velvety-red fruit.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Jul , Aug , Sep
AZ , NM , TX Native Distribution:
W. TX to s.e. AZ & n. Mex. Native Habitat:
Dry slopes & hillsides USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement:
Sun Soil Moisture:
Dry Soil Description:
Rocky soils. Conditions Comments:
More drought-tolerant than R. virens. Native
sumacs make attractive specimen, hedge or background plants and are important wildlife plants. They are fast growing, generally insect and disease-free, and drought-tolerant. Colonies are often single-sexed, formed from a single, suckering parent. Only female plants produce flowers and berries.
PropagationDescription: Treated seed and root cuttings are used for increase.
Seed Treatment: Rhus seeds germinate poorly without pretreatment. Scarification in acid or hot water is necessary and seeds of many species require cold-moist stratification after scarification.
Commercially Avail: yes
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Record Modified: 2009-04-23
Research By: TWC Staff