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Flaigg, Norman G.
Prunella vulgaris L.
USDA Symbol: PRVU
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
This low, perennial is easily recognized by its erect, many-flowered spikes and associated, overlapping, hairy bracts. The square stem has dense, cylindrical, terminal spikes of purple flowers; the spikes elongate after flowering. It is often considered a weed of lawns and moist shady spots. A form that flowers when only 2 (5 cm) tall has become common in lawns. Its common name derives from wide use as a herbal remedy for throat ailments.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Size Notes:
1-2 feet. Leaf:
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Purple
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep
AK , AL , AR , AZ , CA , CO , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , HI , IA , ID , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , MT , NC , ND , NE , NH , NJ , NM , NV , NY , OH , OK , OR , PA , RI , SC , SD , TN , TX , UT , VA , VT , WA , WI , WV , WY Canada: BC
, QC Native Distribution:
Throughout much of North America, except far north. Native Habitat:
Gardens, fields, roadsides. USDA Native Status: L48(N), AK(N), HI(I), CAN(NI),
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Conditions Comments: Its favorite habitat includes moist fields, gardens, pastures and along woodland edges in the eastern and southern portions of Texas. It can be grown most anywhere, with a little extra water in very dry conditions. In very hot areas, give it a spot that is protected from the hot afternoon sun.
BenefitUse Wildlife: Self-heal is a favorite of bumblebees and butterflies.
Use Medicinal: Heal-all has long been used in folk medicine as a salve for flesh wounds, and an infusion derived from Heal-all is traditional remedy for strep throat and aiments of the respiratory system. (Strickland)
For boils. (Weiner)
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Larval Host: Clouded sulphur butterfly
Nectar Source: yes
Deer Resistant: Minimal
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)
is a larval host and/or nectar source for:
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Mr. Smarty Plants says
Native host plants for Painted Lady Butterfly
June 01, 2006
I am looking for host plants for the Painted Lady Butterfly that I can plant in my school's (I am a teacher) native plant/butterfly garden. As part of the curriculum, each spring the 1st grade raises...
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Medicinal plants at the Wildflower Center
April 19, 2006
What kinds of medicinal plants do you have at the Wildflower Center?
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From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Pineywoods Native Plant Center
- Nacogdoches, TXNative Seed Network
- Corvallis, OR
Recommended Species Lists
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Record Modified: 2008-05-28
Research By: TWC Staff