Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.
Search native plant database:
Polygala paucifolia Willd.
Gaywings, Fringed Polygala, Flowering wintergreen
Synonym(s): Polygaloides paucifolia, Triclisperma paucifolia
USDA Symbol: POPA5
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
A low plant, flowering from prostrate, underground stems and rootstocks, with pink flowers tinged with purple in the axils of clustered upper leaves.
This exquisite Orchid-like wildflower resembles a tailless, tiny airplane. It was thought that, if eaten by nursing mothers or fed to cows, Milkworts would increase milk production.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Flower:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Pink , Purple
Bloom Time: May , Jun
, WV Canada: MB
, NB Native Distribution:
Manitoba to New Brunswick; south through New England, and inland to Virginia and the mountains of Georgia; west to Tennessee, northern Illinois, Minnesota, and Manitoba. Native Habitat:
Rich, moist woods.
Growing ConditionsSoil Moisture:
Moist Conditions Comments:
The plant keeps one fertile flower
buried on a stem,
used for propagation.(Andy Fyon)
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
From the National Suppliers Directory
According to the inventory provided by Associate Suppliers, this plant is available at the following locations:
- Hinton, WV
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Mt. Cuba Center
- Hockessin, DE
Record Last Modified: 2014-03-28
Research By: TWC Staff