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Polygala paucifolia Willd.
Gaywings, Fringed Polygala
Synonym(s): Polygaloides paucifolia, Triclisperma paucifolia
USDA Symbol: POPA5
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
A low plant, flowering from prostrate, underground stems and rootstocks, with pink flowers tinged with purple in the axils of clustered upper leaves.
This exquisite Orchid-like wildflower resembles a tailless, tiny airplane. It was thought that, if eaten by nursing mothers or fed to cows, Milkworts would increase milk production.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Flower:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Pink , Purple
Bloom Time: May , Jun
, WV Canada: MB
, NB Native Distribution:
Manitoba to New Brunswick; south through New England, and inland to Virginia and the mountains of Georgia; west to Tennessee, northern Illinois, Minnesota, and Manitoba. Native Habitat:
Rich, moist woods.
Growing ConditionsSoil Moisture:
Moist Conditions Comments:
The plant keeps one fertile flower
buried on a stem,
used for propagation.(Andy Fyon)
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
From the National Suppliers Directory
According to the inventory provided by Associate Suppliers, this plant is available at the following locations:
- Hinton, WV
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Mt. Cuba Center
- Hockessin, DE
Record Last Modified: 2012-10-03
Research By: TWC Staff