Pogonia ophioglossoides (L.) Ker Gawl.
Snakemouth orchid, Rose pogonia orchid, Snake-mouth orchid, Beard flower
Orchidaceae (Orchid Family)
Synonym(s): Pogonia ophioglossoides var. brachypogon
USDA Symbol: POOP
The rose pogonia orchid usually has only 1 flower on an erect, slender stem. It is rose or pink-colored and, unlike most orchids, has a nice fragrance. The lower lip is densely bearded near the throat with white to yellow bristles. There is 1 leaf near the middle of the stem, 4 inches long or less and 1 1/4 inches wide.
This Orchid is found in places in the eastern United States, where soil conditions rather than temperature are the controlling factors.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Size Class: 1-3 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Pink , Purple
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IL , IN , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , NC , ND , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA , RI , SC , TN , TX , VA , VT , WI , WV
Canada: NB , NL , NS , ON , PE , QC
Native Distribution: Ontario to Newfoundland and Nova Scotia; south on Coastal Plain to Florida; west to Texas; inland to Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Indiana, Illinois, and Minnesota.
Native Habitat: Wet open woods, meadows, swamps, sphagnum bogs.
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Moist , Wet
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes
Fragrant Flowers: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Crosby Arboretum - Picayune, MS
Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE
BibliographyBibref 248 - Texas Wildflowers: A Field Guide (1984) Loughmiller, C. & L. Loughmiller
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Pogonia ophioglossoides in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Pogonia ophioglossoides in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Pogonia ophioglossoides
MetadataRecord Modified: 2014-08-29
Research By: TWC Staff