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Pogonia ophioglossoides (Beard flower)
Sherman, Doug

Pogonia ophioglossoides

Pogonia ophioglossoides (L.) Ker Gawl.

Beard flower, Rose pogonia orchid, Snake-mouth orchid, Snakemouth orchid

Orchidaceae (Orchid Family)

Synonym(s): Pogonia ophioglossoides var. brachypogon


USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N), SPM (N)

The rose pogonia orchid usually has only 1 flower on an erect, slender stem. It is rose or pink-colored and, unlike most orchids, has a nice fragrance. The lower lip is densely bearded near the throat with white to yellow bristles. There is 1 leaf near the middle of the stem, 4 inches long or less and 1 1/4 inches wide.

This Orchid is found in places in the eastern United States, where soil conditions rather than temperature are the controlling factors.


Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Size Class: 1-3 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Pink , Purple
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug


USA: AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IL , IN , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , NC , ND , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA , RI , SC , TN , TX , VA , VT , WI , WV
Canada: NB , NL , NS , ON , PE , QC
Native Distribution: Ontario to Newfoundland and Nova Scotia; south on Coastal Plain to Florida; west to Texas; inland to Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Indiana, Illinois, and Minnesota.
Native Habitat: Wet open woods, meadows, swamps, sphagnum bogs.

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Moist , Wet


Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Fragrant Flowers: yes

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:

Crosby Arboretum - Picayune, MS
Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE


Bibref 248 - Texas Wildflowers: A Field Guide (1984) Loughmiller, C. & L. Loughmiller

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Additional resources

USDA: Find Pogonia ophioglossoides in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Pogonia ophioglossoides in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Pogonia ophioglossoides


Record Last Modified: 2007-08-09
Research By: TWC Staff

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