Platanthera ciliaris (L.) Lindl.
Yellow fringed orchid, Orange-fringed orchid, Orange plume
Orchidaceae (Orchid Family)
Synonym(s): Blephariglotis ciliaris, Habenaria ciliaris
USDA Symbol: PLCI2
Terminating a leafy stem is a large, many-flowered cluster of deep orange to bright yellow flowers with drooping, deeply fringed lip petals.
This is a very showy orchid of meadows and open woods. A more southern species, Orange Fringed Orchid (P. cristata), has a flower 3/8 of an inch (9 mm) wide and a spur 1/2-inch (1.3 cm) long, shorter than the fringed lip. Yellow Fringeless Orchid (P. integra), found in southern New Jersey and eastern North Carolina south to Florida and Texas and north to Tennessee, has orange-yellow flowers with a fringeless lip. Yellow Fringed Orchid and White Fringed Orchid (P. blephariglottis) frequently hybridize when growing together; similarly, Yellow Fringed crosses with Orange Fringed Orchid.
From the Image Gallery
Bloom InformationBloom Time: Jul , Aug , Sep
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IL , IN , KY , LA , MA , MD , MI , MO , MS , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA , RI , SC , TN , TX , VA , VT , WV
Native Distribution: Southern New England (rare) and New York; south to Florida; west to Texas; north to Missouri, southern Michigan, and Wisconsin.
Native Habitat: Peaty or wet, sandy woods and thickets, dry meadows and slopes.
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE
Wildflower Center Seed BankLBJWC-1229 Collected 2008-11-06 in Jasper County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
BibliographyBibref 248 - Texas Wildflowers: A Field Guide (1984) Loughmiller, C. & L. Loughmiller
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Platanthera ciliaris in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Platanthera ciliaris in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Platanthera ciliaris
MetadataRecord Modified: 2014-08-20
Research By: TWC Staff