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Pinus resinosa Aiton
Red pine, Norway pine, Canadian pine
USDA Symbol: PIRE
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
A common, large tree with small cones and broad, irregular or rounded crown of spreading branches, 1 row added a year. Red pine, a symmetrically oval, canopy tree, usually grows 50-75 ft. but can reach 125 ft. or more. The long, straight trunk is covered with reddish-brown, scaly bark. Tufted, dark-green needles, occurring in clusters of two, are 2-5 in. long.
The misleading alternate name Norway Pine for this New World species may be traced to confusion with Norway Spruce by early English explorers. Another explanation is that the name comes from the trees occurrence near Norway, Maine, founded in 1797. Because the name was in usage before this time, the former explanation is more likely. Red Pine is an ornamental and shade tree; the wood is used for general construction, planing-mill products, millwork, and pulpwood.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Tree Leaf Complexity: Simple Leaf Shape:
Brown Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Red , Brown
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May
, WV Canada: MB
, QC Native Distribution:
N.S. & c. Que. to e. Man., s. to n. NJ, PA
& n.e. IA Native Habitat:
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry , Moist
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
CaCO3 Tolerance: None
Soil Description: Sandy or gravelly, acid soils.
BenefitUse Wildlife: Attracts songbirds, upland game birds, mammals.
Use Other: Red pine is an important timber and pulp tee. The moderately hard wood readily absorbs preservatives, making it useful for structural beams, bridges, piles and railway ties. Kershaw
PropagationDescription: Seeds have no dormancy and will germinate immediately upon sowing.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Pretreatment is usually not necessary, but germination of pine seeds exhibiting dormancy can be hastened by cold stratification.
Commercially Avail: yes
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)
is a larval host and/or nectar source for:
National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
Record Last Modified: 2013-06-27
Research By: TWC Staff