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Vick, Albert F. W.
Orontium aquaticum L.
USDA Symbol: ORAQ
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
An aquatic with long-stalked leaves, and a golden yellow, club-like spadix. Goldenclub has simple, long-petioled, often floating, dark-green, velvety, basal leaves. The club-shaped golden-yellow spadix is lax or ascending on a green scape and emerges 1/2-1 1/2 ft. above the water. The flower is followed by green fruits.
This emergent perennial is of striking beauty, especially when seen against the backdrop of dark open waters in southern swamps. Its Latin generic name derives from a plant that grows in the Orontes River of Syria.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Fruit:
Green Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr
, WV Native Distribution: MA
s. to FL
occasional in southeast TX; mostly on the Coastal Plain Native Habitat:
Swamps; shallow water pools & streams
Growing ConditionsWater Use: High
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Wet
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
Drought Tolerance: Low
Soil Description: Acid, loamy soil under shallow, moving water.
Conditions Comments: Found in shallow, flowing water from 1 to 10 inches in depth. To insure adequate conditions in a water garden, install a recirculation pump.
PropagationPropagation Material: Root Division , Seeds
Description: Sow cleaned seeds immediately in wet, mucky soil.
Seed Collection: Collect the large, gummy seeds in mid-summer.
Commercially Avail: yes
Maintenance: Make sure water continues moving or the plant will suffer. It requires flowing water.
National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Delaware Nature Society
- Hockessin, DECrosby Arboretum
- Picayune, MSMt. Cuba Center
- Hockessin, DE
Record Last Modified: 2013-09-12
Research By: TWC Staff