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Myrica gale L.
Synonym(s): Gale palustris, Myrica gale var. subarctica, Myrica gale var. subglabra, Myrica gale var. tomentosa
USDA Symbol: MYGA
Sweetgale is a low-growing, 2-4 ft. high, deciduous, bushy shrub with glossy, dark-green to grayish foliage. The long leaves are sweet-scented. Inconspicuous flowers are borne in catkins.
Sweetgale is a member of the wax-myrtle or bayberry family (family Myricaceae), which occurs nearly worldwide, with about 40 species of small trees and shrubs; 5 native tree species and 3 shrub species in North America.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Leaf Complexity: Simple Leaf:
Gray-Green Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow , Green , Blue , Brown
Bloom Time: Jul , Aug , Sep
, WI Canada: AB
, SK Native Distribution:
Lab. to AK,
s. to Long Island, MI, MN
& n.w. OR; rarely along mts. to NC
& TN Native Habitat:
Bogs; pond shores
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist , Wet
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
Soil Description: Wet to moist soils.
Conditions Comments: Not Available
BenefitInteresting Foliage: yes
Fragrant Foliage: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
Record Last Modified: 2012-04-12
Research By: TWC Staff