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Bransford, W.D. and Dolphia
Mirabilis linearis (Pursh) Heimerl
Narrowleaf four o'clock
USDA Symbol: MILI3
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
Mirabilis, in Latin, and Maravilla, in Spanish, both mean marvelous, which the flowers certainly are. They open in the shade of the late afternoon. This lovely native species is a close relative of Common Four-oclock (M. jalapa), a plant originally from Mexico, popular in gardens since the Aztecs, and now commonly escaping into the wild; it has purple, yellow, or sometimes white or variegated flowers generally not longer than 2 1/2 (6.5 cm).
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Size Notes:
Upright narrow growth pattern. Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Pink , Purple
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep
AZ , CA , CO , CT , IL , IN , KS , MI , MN , MO , MS , MT , ND , NE , NJ , NM , NV , NY , OK , PA , SD , TN , TX , UT , WI , WY Canada: SK USDA Native Status: L48(N), CAN(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry
Cold Tolerant: yes
Heat Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: Prefers dry, rocky or sandy soil of plains, hillsides, and roadsides.
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0526
Collected Jul 27, 1987 in Bexar County by Harry CliffeNPSOT 0996
Collected Oct 12, 1994 in Bexar County by Harry CliffeNPSOT 0139
Collected Sept. 30, 1991 in Bexar County by Lottie Millsaps
Recommended Species Lists
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Record Modified: 2012-09-29
Research By: TWC Staff