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Loughmiller, Campbell and Lynn
Magnolia ashei Weath.
Ashe's magnolia, Ashe magnolia, Deciduous magnolia
Synonym(s): Magnolia macrophylla ssp. ashei, Magnolia macrophylla var. ashei
USDA Symbol: MAAS
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
The Ashe magnolia is a small tree with a broad, round top. It has leaves 2–3 feet long and sometimes a foot wide. They are wider near the tip than at the stem, green on the upper surface and whitish beneath. The blossoms, which grow at the end of stout stems, are fragrant, creamy white, cup-shaped, opening out flat as they mature. Each blossom has 6–8 petals, up to 6 inches long and about half as wide, and pointed at the tip. The pistils form a fleshy, oval, seed-bearing cone which enlarges as it matures, 2–4 inches long and about 2 inches in diameter. The seeds are attached to the cone by slender threads.
This rare species of very local distribution is closely related to Bigleaf Magnolia (Magnolia macrophylla), which is taller and has larger leaves and flowers. Named for its discoverer, William Willard Ashe (1872-1932, pioneer forester of the United States Forest Service.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: May , Jun
DistributionUSA: FL Native Distribution: FL
Panhandle Native Habitat: Endemic
to a few bluffs and bayheads of the FL
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement:
Part Shade Soil Description:
Rich, acid soils. Conditions Comments:
Horticulturalists hope this plant will provide a large-flowered magnolia with flowers at a height that allows them to be easily seen. Plants flower
when very small.
PropagationDescription: Fresh seed sown in fall; stratified seed; semi-hardwood cuttings taken in summer
Seed Collection: When ripe, the seeds are bright red, fleshy, oily, soft on the outside and stony on the inside. Gather when ripe. Clean and store in moist sand or sphagnum moss in refrigerator. Cold, moist storage also serves at stratification.
Seed Treatment: Stored seed must be kept moist and cool which will also serve as stratification. Stratify at least 60 days.
Commercially Avail: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
|Status:|| FACU |
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
From the National Suppliers Directory
According to the inventory provided by Associate Suppliers, this plant is available at the following locations:
American Native Nursery
- Quakertown, PA
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Mt. Cuba Center
- Hockessin, DE
Record Last Modified: 2013-09-07
Research By: TWC Staff