Lyonia lucida (Lam.) K. Koch
Fetterbush lyonia, Shinyleaf, Fetterbush, Staggerbush
Ericaceae (Heath Family)
Synonym(s): Desmothamnus lucidus, Neopieris nitida
USDA Symbol: LYLU3
Fetterbush is a member of the heath family (family Ericaceae) which is widespread, especially on acid soils, with about 1500 species, mostly shrubs, sometimes trees; 15 native tree and many native shrub species in North America.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Retention: Evergreen
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Lanceolate
Leaf Pubescence: Glabrous
Leaf Margin: Entire
Leaf Texture: Smooth
Size Notes: Normally 2 to 6 ft, but can reach 12 ft
Fruit: Dark brown
Size Class: 3-6 ft. , 6-12 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Pink
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May
Bloom Notes: Flowers appear before the new years growth.
DistributionUSA: AL , FL , GA , LA , MS , NC , SC , VA
Native Distribution: Coastal plain from s.e. VA to FL, w. to LA
Native Habitat: Pocosins; low woods; shrub-tree bogs & bays
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
Soil Description: Moist, well-drained, acidic soil
Conditions Comments: Very difficult to keep in good condition under normal conditions of cultivation. Tends to become weak and susceptible to leaf spot under even mild stress. To avoid this, plant in moist soil with good drainage and then avoid the typical, heavy lawn watering. Can take brief seasonal flooding, though.
BenefitUse Ornamental: A glossy-leaved, showy-flowered, evergreen shrub for naturalizing in masses within its range.
Use Wildlife: Flowers visited by bees
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Interesting Foliage: yes
PropagationPropagation Material: Root Cuttings , Root Division , Seeds
Description: Sow seeds in spring.
Seed Collection: Overwinter at room temperature.
Seed Treatment: No treatment necessary
Maintenance: No maintenance recommended except cutting back to keep it at a favored height. A plant that is easy care if established in a favorable site and then left on its own.
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Suppliers DirectoryAccording to the inventory provided by Associate Suppliers, this plant is available at the following locations:
Sanibel-Captiva Conservation Foundation Native Plant Nursery - Sanibel, FL
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Crosby Arboretum - Picayune, MS
Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE
BibliographyBibref 1620 - Gardening with Native Plants of the South (Reprint Edition) (2009) Wasowski, S. with A. Wasowski
Bibref 841 - Native Alternatives to Invasive Plants (2006) Burrell, C. C.
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Research LiteratureReslit 217 - Comparison of six biologic indicators of hydrology and the landward extent of hydric soils in west-central Florida, USA cypress domes (2006) D. W. Carr, D. A. Leeper, T. F. Rochow
Reslit 2329 - Growth Response to Clipping and Nutrient Addition Lyonia lucida and Zenobia pulverulenta (1985) E. L. Simms
Reslit 2465 - Habitat distribution and competitive neighborhoods of two Florida palmettos (1995) W. G. Abrahamson
Reslit 2605 - Post-fire growth strategies of resprouting Florida scrub vegetation (2011) A. J. Maguire, E. S. Menges
This information was provided by the Florida WIldflower Foundation.
Search More Titles in Research Literature
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Lyonia lucida in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Lyonia lucida in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Lyonia lucida
MetadataRecord Modified: 2013-09-08
Research By: TWC Staff