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Wasowski, Sally and Andy
Lyonia lucida (Lam.) K. Koch
Fetterbush lyonia, Shinyleaf, Fetterbush, Staggerbush
Synonym(s): Desmothamnus lucidus, Neopieris nitida
USDA Symbol: LYLU3
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
Shinyleaf or fetterbush is a 3-5 ft. high suckering, open, arching evergreen with urn-shaped, pinkish-white flowers occuring in axillary racemes. The attractive foliage is glossy-green and leathery.
Fetterbush is a member of the heath family (family Ericaceae) which is widespread, especially on acid soils, with about 1500 species, mostly shrubs, sometimes trees; 15 native tree and many native shrub species in North America.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Leaf Retention: Evergreen Leaf Complexity: Simple Leaf Shape: Lanceolate Leaf Pubescence: Glabrous Leaf Margin: Entire Leaf Texture:
Smooth Size Notes:
Normally 2 to 6 ft, but can reach 12 ft Leaf:
Dark brown Size Class:
3-6 ft. , 6-12 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Pink
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May
Bloom Notes: Flowers appear before the new years growth.
, VA Native Distribution:
Coastal plain from s.e. VA
w. to LA Native Habitat:
Pocosins; low woods; shrub-tree bogs & bays
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
Soil Description: Moist, well-drained, acidic soil
Conditions Comments: Very difficult to keep in good condition under normal conditions of cultivation. Tends to become weak and susceptible to leaf spot under even mild stress. To avoid this, plant in moist soil with good drainage and then avoid the typical, heavy lawn watering. Can take brief seasonal flooding, though.
A glossy-leaved, showy-flowered, evergreen shrub
for naturalizing in masses within its range. Use Wildlife:
Flowers visited by bees Conspicuous Flowers:
PropagationPropagation Material: Root Cuttings , Root Division , Seeds
Description: Sow seeds in spring.
Seed Collection: Overwinter at room temperature.
Seed Treatment: No treatment necessary
Maintenance: No maintenance recommended except cutting back to keep it at a favored height. A plant that is easy care if established in a favorable site and then left on its own.
National Wetland Indicator Status
|Status:|| FACW || FACW |
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
- Picayune, MSMt. Cuba Center
- Hockessin, DE
Record Last Modified: 2013-09-08
Research By: TWC Staff