Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.
Search native plant database:
Marcus, Joseph A.
Lycium carolinianum var. quadrifidum
Lycium carolinianum Walter var. quadrifidum (Dunal) C.L. Hitchc.
Carolina wolfberry, Creeping wolfberry, Carolina desert-thorn
USDA Symbol: LYCAQ
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
Carolina Wolfberry is a thinly branched, spiny, upright or somewhat spreading shrub. The new branches may have 1-centimeter-long thick spines, or be unarmed; older branches, however, are spiny. Leaves are somewhat succulent, and variety quadrifidum is distinguished as a variety because it has larger leaves and flowers and more spines, as well as by its more western distribution. Its lavender calyx is wheel-shaped to bell-shaped. Carolina wolfberry is distinctive in having a four-lobed corolla, as most of the plants in the Solanaceae family have five lobes.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Leaf Retention: Semi-evergreen Leaf Arrangement: Alternate Leaf Margin: Entire Breeding System:
Flowers Bisexual Flower:
Flowers 1/4 inch to 1/2 inch
Tomato red 1/4 to 1/2 inch Size Class:
1-3 ft. , 3-6 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Blue , Purple
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct
, TX Native Distribution:
From Mississippi to southeast Texas to northeastern Mexico Native Habitat:
About ponds, along and in ditches, marshes, on wet clay flats, salt flats, and in sandy/gravelly soil on brush covered hills.
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Drought Tolerance: High
Soil Description: Seasonally inundated sand, loam, clay, or gravel. Salt-tolerant.
Conditions Comments: Will grow in harsh conditions, but is drought-deciduous, meaning it loses its leaves during summer droughts.
BenefitUse Ornamental: Fruits ornamental. Ground cover. Good for wetland gardens and wildlife habitat.
Use Wildlife: Nectar-insects, Fruit-birds, Browse
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds , Semi-hardwood Cuttings
Commercially Avail: yes
Maintenance: Water during summer drought. Use line trimmer to keep it at a pleasing height.
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
- Austin, TX
Record Last Modified: 2009-03-07
Research By: NPIS