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Lophophora williamsii (Lem. ex Salm-Dyck) J.M. Coult.
Synonym(s): Lophophora williamsii var. echinata
USDA Symbol: LOWI
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
Low, gray, spineless, nearly hemispherical stems growing singly or in broad dense clumps, topped by several pink flowers.
Cut and dried buttons of Peyote, when chewed, produce color hallucinations and are important in certain Native American religious ceremonies. The plant contains narcotics. A federal permit is required to possess any part of the plant. In Texas Peyote has been almost eliminated by collectors, but in areas of Mexico it is still very common.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Cactus/Succulent Size Notes:
Globular with a flattened surface, 2-3žin wide. Flower:
Flowers 1/2 to 1 inch across
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color:
White , Pink Bloom Time:
May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep Bloom Notes:
Flowers are diurnal,
lasting for two or three days.
DistributionUSA: TX Native Distribution:
Southern Texas and northern Mexico. Native Habitat:
Limestone soil in deserts.
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry
Conditions Comments: Minimum temperature 45 F.
Record Last Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff