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Bransford, W.D. and Dolphia
Lonicera albiflora Torr. & A. Gray
Western white honeysuckle, Texas honeysuckle, White honeysuckle, White shrub honeysuckle, White limestone honeysuckle
Synonym(s): Lonicera albiflora var. dumosa, Lonicera dumosa
USDA Symbol: LOAL
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
Usually a 4 ft. deciduous shrub, the long, graceful, sometimes twining branches of white honeysuckle can reach 10 ft. in height. Leaves paired, broadly oval, up to 2 3/4 inches long by 1 3/4 inches wide but usually half these dimensions, rounded at the tip, with a minute point, smooth margins, and rounded or tapered at the base. The pair of leaves immediately below the flowers fused at their bases. Showy, white flowers two lipped, up to 5/8 inch long occur in 2-3 in. clusters at the ends of the branches. and are followed by clusters of orange-red fruit. Fruit a berry up to 3/8 inch in diameter.
The plant serves as browse for deer. Its berries attract birds.
This species is named for Adam Lonicer (1528 - 1586), a German botanis noted for his 1557 revised version of Eucharius Rösslin’s herbal. He became professor of Mathematics in 1553 and Doctor of Medicine in 1554, becoming the town physician in Frankfurt-am-Main. His true interest though was herbs and the study of botany.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Vine Leaf Retention: Deciduous Leaf Arrangement: Opposite Leaf Complexity: Simple Leaf Margin: Entire Leaf Apex: Apiculate Leaf Base:
Rounded Fruit Type: Berry Size Notes:
4-10 feet tall. Flower:
Flowers in 2 inch clusters
Red Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May
, TX Native Distribution:
C. & n. central TX
to OK Native Habitat:
Cedar brakes; cliff edges; rocky slopes
Growing ConditionsWater Use:
Low Light Requirement:
Sun , Part Shade Soil Moisture:
Dry , Moist Cold Tolerant:
Rocky or sandy soils. Limestone-based, Sandy Sandy Loam Medium Loam Clay Loam, Clay Conditions Comments:
Usually a 4 ft. shrub,
the long, graceful, sometimes twining branches of white honeysuckle can reach 10 ft. in height. Showy, white flowers occur in 2-3 in. clusters and are followed by clusters of orange-red fruit. This is a deciduous
shrub. A shrub
or woody vine
with dark green foliage and attractive clusters of white flowers. It does not have the aggressive tendencies of Japanese honeysuckle.
BenefitUse Ornamental: Showy, Blooms ornamental, Fruits ornamental, Easily grown, Climbs walls & columns
Use Wildlife: Deer browse the plant and berries attract birds. Nectar-butterflies, Nectar-bees, Nectar-insects, Fruit-birds, Browse
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Fragrant Flowers: yes
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds
Description: The easiest way to propagate is by softwood or semi-hardwood cuttings taken from summer to fall. Layering is another means of propagations. Seed must be stratified.
Seed Collection: Collect seeds in late summer to early fall when berries turn ripe color. Clean immediately to avoid fermentation and overheating. Store in sealed containers at 34-38 degrees.
Seed Treatment: Stratification for two to three months at 40 degrees.
Commercially Avail: yes
Mr. Smarty Plants says
Perennial vine for full sun, Denton, TX
March 19, 2010
I would like to grow a perennial vine that would tolerate full sun during the day. A flowering or non-flowering is fine. I do NOT want anything that is poisonous, i.e. Carolina jasmine, since this w...
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Record Last Modified: 2011-08-24
Research By: TWC Staff