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Marcus, Joseph A.
Lindheimera texana Gray & Engelm.
Texas yellowstar, Texas star, Lindheimer daisy, Texas yellow star
USDA Symbol: LITE3
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
Texas star plants are 6-24 inches tall and widely branched. Stems and branches are hairy. The lower leaves are alternate and coarsely toothed, but the upper ones are opposite and smooth on the edges, 2-2 1/2 inches long. There are 1 to several flower heads in a cluster at the end of each stem. Each flower head has 5 bright yellow ray flowers, each with 2 prominent veins and indented at the tip. Flower heads are 1-1 1/4 inches across. The plant sometimes begins blooming when it is 2 in. tall and continues blooming while growing taller.
Texas Yellowstar is easily cultivated and does well in garden settings.
This genus is named after Ferdinand Jacob Lindheimer (1801-1879) who is often called the Father of Texas Botany because of his work as the first permanent-resident plant collector in Texas. In 1834 Lindheimer immigrated to the United States as a political refugee. He spent from 1843-1852 collecting specimens in Texas. In 1844 he settled in New Braunfels, Texas, and was granted land on the banks of the Comal River, where he continued his plant collecting and attempted to establish a botanical garden. He shared his findings with many others who shared his interest in botany, including Ferdinand von Roemer and Adolph Scheele. Lindheimer is credited with the discovery of several hundred plant species. In addition his name is used to designate forty-eight species and subspecies of plants. He is buried in New Braunfels. His house, on Comal Street in New Braunfels, is now a museum.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Annual Habit: Herb Root Type: Tap Leaf Shape: Lanceolate Size Notes:
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May
AR , LA , OK , TX Native Distribution:
Oklahoma and Arkansas south through Texas to Coahuila Native Habitat:
Prairies; roadsides, Abundant in prairies of north central and southern part of east Texas and Edwards Plateau. Well-drained sand, loam, clay, limestone. USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil pH: Circumneutral (pH 6.8-7.2)
Soil Description: Sandy loam or limestone soils. Clay Loam, Medium Loam, Sandy Loam, Sandy
Conditions Comments: Texas star is easily cultivated and does well in garden settings. Texas star can vary somewhat in size, depending on depth, moisture and richness of soil. It makes a good bedding and border plant; you can depend on it to reseed.
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes
Nectar Source: yes
Deer Resistant: No
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds
Description: Sow seed in fall.
Seed Collection: Collect seed in May. Gardeners like to seed out and plant for color in spring.
Seed Treatment: Not Available
Commercially Avail: yes
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Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0412
Collected May 28, 1987 in Bexar County by Harry CliffeNPSOT 0046
Collected May 4, 1990 in Bexar County by Lottie MillsapsNPSOT 0314
Collected Mar 30, 1993 in Comal County by Mary Beth White
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Record Modified: 2008-07-30
Research By: TWC Staff