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Iris brevicaulis Raf.
Synonym(s): Iris brevipes, Iris foliosa, Iris foliosa var. boonensis, Iris mississippiensis
USDA Symbol: IRBR2
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
A 1-2 ft., zig-zag stem bears long, glossy leaves and showy blue, lavender or white flowers. The flowers are made up of dark-veined petals and sepals. The sepals are longer than the petals and have a yellow patch toward the base.
A member of the iris family (family Iridaceae) which consists of herbs growing from rhizomes, bulbs, or corms, with narrow basal leaves and showy clusters at the tips of long stalks. There are about 60 genera and 1,500 species, distributed in temperate and tropical regions. Among them, Iris, Freesia, Gladiolus, Bugle Lily, and Montbretia are popular ornamentals. Saffron dye is obtained from Crocus, and essence of violets, used in perfumes, is extracted from the rhizomes of Iris.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Size Notes:
1-2 feet. Flower:
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Yellow , Blue , Purple
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr
, TX Canada: ON Native Distribution: MS
to e. TX,
n. to OH, IL, MO
& extreme e. KS Native Habitat:
Swamps, Shaded woods. Swamps; marshes; bottomlands; damp woods
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist , Wet
Soil Description: Moist, rich soils. Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay
Conditions Comments: Grow in average, medium wet to wet, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. Although a marsh plant in the wild, this species will do very well in the garden under somewhat normal growing conditions. Prefers a rich, slightly acidic soil.
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes
Fragrant Flowers: yes
Deer Resistant: High
Root Division Description:
Clump division is the usual method of increase. All native
iris can be grown from seed. Seed Collection:
Not Available Seed Treatment:
Not Available Commercially Avail:
National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
- Austin, TXMt. Cuba Center
- Hockessin, DE
Record Last Modified: 2012-10-03
Research By: NPC