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Strickland, Sam C.
Hordeum pusillum Nutt.
USDA Symbol: HOPU
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
An annual grass with each stem bearing an unbranched, erect, flattened, bristly spike of narrow, crowded, greenish-brown spikelet.
Although now widespread in the United States, this relative of the cultivated Barley (H. vulgare) was probably originally native only in the southern states. In some areas it is extremely abundant, becoming especially conspicuous when the plants mature, which they do quickly, and turn brown; at that stage the spikes break up into short sections.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Apr , May
AL , AR , AZ , CA , CO , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IA , ID , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , MT , NC , ND , NE , NJ , NM , NV , NY , OH , OK , OR , PA , SC , SD , TN , TX , UT , VA , WA , WI , WY Native Distribution:
Throughout United States; also in Ontario and far western provinces. Native Habitat:
Roadsides, fields, and waste places, often in alkaline soil. USDA Native Status: L48(N), CAN(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
BenefitUse Food: Seed consumed by indigenous peoples of eastern North American before the arrival of maize.
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0299
Collected Apr 26, 1987 in Bexar County by Harry CliffeNPSOT 1025
Collected Apr 28, 1995 in Bexar County by Mike Fox
Wildflower Center Seed BankLBJWC-20
Collected 2006-05-08 in Travis County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
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Record Modified: 2010-08-09
Research By: TWC Staff