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Hedysarum alpinum L.
Alpine sweetvetch, Alpine sweet broom, Licorice root, Sweetbroom
Synonym(s): Hedysarum alpinum ssp. americanum, Hedysarum alpinum var. alpinum, Hedysarum alpinum var. americanum, Hedysarum alpinum var. grandiflorum, Hedysarum alpinum var. philoscia, Hedysarum americanum, Hedysarum caucasicum, Hedysarum hedysaroides, Hedysarum philoscia, Hedysarum sibiricum, Hedysarum truncatum
USDA Symbol: HEAL
Several erect, branching stems rise 1 1/2-3 ft. from a woody crown. From the axils of pinnately compound leaves rise long, straight, dense clusters of pinkish-lavender, pea-like flowers.
Like other members of the pea family, this plant needs the presence of microorganisms that inhabit nodules on the plants root system and produce nitrogen compounds necessary for the plants survival.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Flower:
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Pink , Purple
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul
, WY Canada: AB
, SK Native Distribution:
Circumpolar, s. in N. Am. to n. New England (rarely), the Black Hills, n.c. MT
& B.C. Native Habitat:
Moist, mt. woods; limy river banks; gravelly slopes
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil Description: Calcareous sands, gravels & rocky soils.
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes
PropagationDescription: Use seeds, cuttings or divisions for increase. Seed germination is good.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Germination is increased with scarification.
Commercially Avail: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
Record Last Modified: 2009-02-20
Research By: TWC Staff