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Hamamelis vernalis Sarg.
Ozark witch-hazel, Vernal witch-hazel
Synonym(s): Hamamelis vernalis var. tomentella
USDA Symbol: HAVE2
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
A small tree or large shrub to 15 ft. tall with multiple, crooked stems forming an irregular, open crown. Older stems assume an attractive gray to grayish-brown color. Its flowers, the first of anything to bloom, are yellow to red, four-petaled and 1/2 in. long. To avoid freeze damage, the petals roll up on very cold days. Fall color develops late and is an attractive golden-yellow.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Leaf Complexity: Simple Flower:
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Jan , Feb , Mar
, TX Native Distribution:
to e. TX,
e. to AL Native Habitat:
Rocky stream banks; moist, open woods
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Part Shade
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
Soil Description: Gravelly to clay soils.
Conditions Comments: Very flood tolerant. More tolerant of high pH than H. virginiana. Will sucker and form large colonies. Slow-growing and tolerates pruning quite well.
Seeds sown immediately after collection will be exposed to a period of warm temperatures to complete after-ripening. Pretreated seed must be double-stratified seed. Witch hazel can be layered from new wood. Rooted cuttings supposedly come easier from Seed Collection:
Pick fruits from late August to September before they completely dry. Spread to dry so seeds can be removed from fruit
capsules. Seeds can be stored in sealed, refrigerated containers or directly stratified over winter in moist sand and peat at 41 degrees. Seed Treatment:
Stratify at 86 degrees for 60 days followed by 41 degrees for 90 days. Commercially Avail:
National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
From the National Suppliers Directory
According to the inventory provided by Associate Suppliers, this plant is available at the following locations:
American Native Nursery
- Quakertown, PA
Record Last Modified: 2013-09-07
Research By: TWC Staff