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Bransford, W.D. and Dolphia
Galax urceolata (Poir.) Brummitt
Beetleweed, Galax, Coltsfoot, Wand flower
Synonym(s): Galax aphylla
USDA Symbol: GAUR2
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
Spike-like racemes of dainty, white flowers grow on leafless stalks, 8-15 in. high. The round basal foliage is shiny green, leathery, and often has a reddish tint. These evergreen leaves are held on long petioles. Rhizomes are red and spread widely, allowing the plant to colonize.
The long flower stalk rising from the roundish, evergreen leaves identifies this attractive southern wildflower. Its rare smaller relative Oconee Bells (Shortia galacifolia) is found only in the southern Appalachians. Planted in gardens as far north as Massachusetts, Beetleweed may escape from cultivation. The genus name is from the Greek word gala (milk) and refers to the flower color.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Leaf Retention: Evergreen Leaf Complexity: Simple Breeding System:
Flowers Bisexual Size Notes:
Leaves 3 to 6 inches high. Flower
stalks 1 to 2 feet high. Leaf:
Bright green Flower:
Flowers in 2 to 5 inch flower
Fruit: Size Class:
0-1 ft. , 1-3 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: May , Jun
, WV Native Distribution:
Mts. of MD
s. to GA
& AL; also extending to coastal plain of s.e. VA,
Zones 6 to 7 Native Habitat:
Moist to dry, mountain woods
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low , Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry , Moist
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
Soil Description: Rich, loose, acidic, well-mulched, well-drained sand or loam.
Conditions Comments: Does not do well in the disturbed, impoverished soil of typical home landscapes. Needs rich, well-drained woodland soils.
BenefitUse Ornamental: A delicate groundcover for the Southeastern woodland garden
Use Wildlife: Browsed by deer
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Interesting Foliage: yes
Deer Resistant: No
PropagationPropagation Material: Root Division , Seeds , Softwood Cuttings
Description: Propagate by fresh seed, cuttings in summer, or root division in spring. Divide large clumps, leaving soil adhering. Seed should be planted as soon as ripe.
Seed Treatment: Use a coldframe.
National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Delaware Nature Society
- Hockessin, DEMt. Cuba Center
- Hockessin, DE
Record Last Modified: 2013-09-09
Research By: TWC Staff