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Muller, Thomas L.
Fragaria virginiana Duchesne
Virginia strawberry, Wild strawberry
USDA Symbol: FRVI
Virginia strawberry or wild strawberry is a ground-hugging plant rising from a fibrous, perennial root system. Hairy leaf petioles, up to 6 in. long, each bear a single trifoliate leaf. The hairy flower stalk gives rise to a loose cluster of small, five-petaled flowers followed by tasty, wild strawberries.
Found in patches in fields and dry openings, this plant produces the finest, sweetest, wild strawberry. The edible portion of the strawberry is actually the central portion of the flower (receptacle) which enlarges greatly with maturity and is covered with the embedded, dried, seed-like fruit. Cultivated Strawberries are hybrids developed from this native species and the South American one. The similar Wood Strawberry (F. vesca) has seed-like fruit on the surface, not embedded, and sepals that point backwards.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Leaf Complexity: Trifoliate Flower:
Red Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun
, WY Canada: AB
, SK Native Distribution:
Nf. & e. Que. to Man., s. to GA
& OK Native Habitat:
Fields; prairies; woodland edges
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Variable. Tolerant of moderately acid soil.
Conditions Comments: Not Available
BenefitUse Wildlife: Berries attract wildlife.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Larval Host: Gray Hairstreak
Seed germination is poor. Vegetative propagation, by separating rooted plantlets in spring or early summer or by stolon internode
cuttings, is an effective means of increase. Seed Collection:
Not Available Seed Treatment:
Stratification enhances germination. Commercially Avail:
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)
is a larval host and/or nectar source for:
Mr. Smarty Plants says
Edible Plants for North Georgia
January 10, 2010
We are planning a forest food garden in the hollers of the N GA Mountains.
Which edible fruit, nut, berry, herb and creepers would be best for this reddish, clay-like soil? The food garden is in...
view the full question and answer
National Wetland Indicator Status
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1
(Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here
for map of regions.
Record Last Modified: 2013-06-21
Research By: TWC Staff