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Fremontodendron californicum (Torr.) Coville
California flannelbush, Northern flannelbush, Northern fremontia, California slippery elm
Synonyms: Fremontia californica
USDA Symbol: FRCA6
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
California flannelbush is an open, spreading shrub, to 12 ft., with olive-green, felted leaves. The large, yellow flowers are in great showy masses and tend to bloom one at a time.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Leaf:
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: May , Jun
AZ , CA Native Distribution:
Most of CA, c. AZ & Baja CA Native Habitat:
Dry, granitic, north slopes; 3000 to 6000 ft. USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
Soil Description: Dry, well-drained, granitic soils.
Conditions Comments: Drought-tolerant. Fast-growing to 5 ft. Not for deer areas.
Wood used for spears and cordage by Native
Americans. Conspicuous Flowers:
PropagationDescription: Propagate by seed or softwood cuttings.
Seed Collection: Collect when the capsules begin to split.
Seed Treatment: Seeds require scarification in hot water followed by cold-moist stratification at 35 degrees for 12-16 weeks to obtain germination.
Commercially Avail: yes
From the National Organizations Directory
According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is either on display or available from the following:
Santa Barbara Botanic Garden
- Santa Barbara, CANative Seed Network
- Corvallis, OR
Recommended Species Lists
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Record Modified: 2009-02-20
Research By: TWC Staff