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Vick, Albert F. W.
Fothergilla gardenii L.
Dwarf witchalder, Dwarf witch-alder, Dwarf fothergilla
Synonyms: Fothergilla parvifolia
USDA Symbol: FOGA
USDA Native Status: Native to U.S.
Small, mound-shaped shrub to 3 ft. tall with picturesquely crooked, multiple stems. The flower, appearing as a mass of stamens, is white and occurs before the leaves in thimble-like terminal spikes. Dense, dark green, leathery foliage becomes bright yellow to scarlet-red in fall.
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Leaf Complexity: Simple Leaf:
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Apr , May
AL , FL , GA , NC , SC Native Distribution:
Coastal plain from NC to MS & TN Native Habitat:
Sunny, higher ground in swamps & adjacent moist, grassy areas USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: High
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
CaCO3 Tolerance: None
Soil Description: Well-drained, acid, peaty or sandy loams.
Conditions Comments: Very disease and insect resistant. Fits well in a woodland garden of azaleas and rhododendrons. Always avoid very dry sites. To get the best floral and foliage display, give fothergillas as much sunshine as possible. Though most horticultural information contends this species requires acid, humusy soil, dwarf fothergilla has been proven successful on poorly draining, silty clay with a pH up to 7.5.
BenefitUse Wildlife: Low.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
PropagationDescription: Semi-hardwood cuttings root with or without hormone. Rooted cuttings should not be moved until new vegetative growth is over an inch long or normal winter dormancy is completed. Sucker can be separated to increase the plant. Progagation by seed is tric
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Seed requires at least a six month warm-moist period, followed by a three month period of cold stratification.
Commercially Avail: yes
Mr. Smarty Plants says
Shrub for part shade for hedge in Holly Ridge NC
April 07, 2010
We live in Coastal NC. We would like a type of shrub for the front of our home which is partial shade, similar style to a boxwood or trainable hedge. What NC native would compare?
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Record Modified: 2009-02-18
Research By: TWC Staff